China’s earliest dress _ ancient people’s clothes

The rulers from Huangdi Yaoshun to the Xia, Shang and Western Zhou dynasties all wore a costume of a shirt and a skirt. According to the Han Han Book · Yu Fu Zhi records: Huang Di, Yao, and Shun drove clothes and ruled the world, and covered all the wives. The wives are written, so the coat is black, and the clothes are yellow. The practical function of protecting the body from the cold has the social attributes of strict internal and external, clear level, distinguish respect and inferiority .

During the Xia and Shang dynasties, the etiquette system began to be established, and various crown and costume systems appeared, such as sacrificing sacrifice clothing, dynasty clothing, government service, marriage, Ji Ji, and military uniforms, etc., clothing from materials , colors, patterns, styles All are regulated by etiquette. In the Zhou Dynasty, the crown service system was gradually improved, and it was included in the scope of rule of governance, which became a manifestation of etiquette.

Emperor Qin Shihuang was deeply influenced by the theory of Yin Yang and the Five Elements. He used black as a distinguished color and further standardized the dress system. For four hundred years in the Han Dynasty, this system was still retained.

In the Sui and Tang dynasties, although the most solemn ceremonial clothing was still similar to the traditional, most people wore white round-necked gowns and the lower classes wore hemp and woolen coarse brown.

In the Qing dynasty, the traditional system of wearing crown clothes as a sacrifice, as well as the traditional system of the crown of heaven and the gauze gown was completely abandoned. The crowned clothes with a strong national color have experienced more than 2,000 years of changes since their birth, and they have come to an end.

The Manchu clothing in the Qing Dynasty retained some customs and etiquette of the ethnic group while absorbing some characteristics of the Han clothing. It repeatedly emphasized the importance of no change of clothing to protect the simplicity and vitality of the riding and shooting people. Some important characteristics of this nation.

After 1840, Western culture invaded Chinese native culture, and clothing also began to change. Since the 1930s, cheongsam has almost become the standard clothing for Chinese women, and even has become a dress for social occasions and diplomatic activities.

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