Among them, Su Shi s achievements are the most prominent, but the Three Soviet Tombs are little known in Henan. Su Shi, originally from Meishan, Sichuan, was crowned the world. He should be tall and tall, and Ye Luo returned to the roots. But he was not buried in his native Meishan, Sichuan, or in Changzhou, where he died. He was not buried in the place where he was once degraded. A thousand miles away from Henan County?
27In the northwest of the county of Pingdingshan City, 27 kilometers northwest, there is a small Mount Emei with peaks and peaks, shaped like a row of eyebrows. At the eastern foot of the mountain, the Zhongding Lianhua Mountain and two small Emei Mountains form a ridge-shaped mountain stream. It is famous for burying the remains of the Northern Song Dynasty writer Su Shi, the brothers of Su Zhe and his father Su Shi.
In the first year (1101) of the Jing Dynasty of the Northern Song Dynasty, Su Shi died in Changzhou. The following year, Su Zhe obeyed his last wish of immediately die, bury me under Songshan Mountain, and give me a name , and buried Su Shi in Xiao Emei. Eleven years later, Su Zhe Yuzheng died in Xuchang in the second year (1112) and was buried there. Since then, Su Shi s descendants have been buried here. From the Yuan Dynasty to the twelfth year (1352), Yin Yang of Yi County allowed Su Shi to wear the crown between the two princes and henceforth he called it San Su Tomb. From this we can see that San Su s funeral rites originated from Su Shi.
Sitting at the south of the north of the Tomb of Susan Su Grave, a stone archway stands in the gatehouse, which is engraved with Su Shi s poem It is a mountain that can be buried, and he alone hurts the gods . This poem Yunzi in Prison was written by Su Shi when he was detained in Kaifeng Prison for Utai Poem Case, and he wrote to his brother Su Zhe in a hurry. Later generations speculated that is a green mountain in the poem refers to Huzhou, Anhui, but in the end, Su Shi was not buried in his native Meishan, Sichuan, or in Changzhou where he died, but was buried in the Central Plains-Henan, a thousand miles away from his hometown She County .
For more than 900 years, there have been many unsolved mysteries surrounding the Sansu Tomb. Among them, the most curious is why Su Shi chose Pi County as his resting place. According to the Chinese cultural tradition, burial of their hometown and burial in their ancestral tombs after death are the preferred solutions, but the brothers Su Shi and Su Zhe finally chose Yixian as their destination, which is puzzling.
形 Xingsheng theory is also the traditional interpretation. During his lifetime, Su Shi was demoted to Ruzhou as a deputy regiment deputy with no real power. In the position of deputy envoy to the regiment, he saw the beautiful scenery of the Little Emei Mountain here, as if the mountainous landscape of his hometown, so he chose this place as his destination. The Chinese Dictionary of Tourist Attractions explains the Sansu Tomb in Shexian County.
However, although Su Shi did not take office in Ruzhou during his lifetime, it does not mean that Su Shi has never been here. The Sansu Tomb is located at the traffic key point of Xu (Chang) and Luo (Yang). From the Han Dynasty, it was the East-West Confucian Road. Su Shi had to walk in Beijing to do business. According to historical records, Su Shi had at least a chance to pass the Xu Luo Ancient Road. There are 5 times.
Since Su Shi has passed through this place many times, standing on the top of the small Emei Mountain, looking at Songyue in the north, Rushui in the south, the two hills facing each other, the green mountains and green water, and the picturesque scenery, I can t help but admire the beautiful Emei Mountain here, It is also reasonable.
Scholar Liu Yingzhao proposed in the article Why Su Shi was buried in the Little Emei Mountain in Shexian County, Su Shi said goodbye to Su Zhe, and wrote Biezi from Three Songs and Late, the second of which reads: I also cross the foothills of Songshan Mountain today. How could I dare to buy bamboo repairs from Yichuan. I also heard of the good spring eyes of Laoshan Mountain and the forests and forests. I think Mao Xuan shines in the water and the two men are relatively clear.
Although Xiao Emei Mountain is not written in the poems, but Lishui, Yichuan, and Sheshan are all near Ruzhou, which can also be understood as the mountains and rivers in the Songshan area including Xiao Emei Mountain. In his poems, Su Shi expressed his Desire to find a place of joy under Songshan as a place of retreat. Since then, Su Shi has been remembering it for many times, but has been exposed in the text many times, but has never been able to do so. Perhaps, there is a last wish to bury me under Songshan before dying.
According to Liu Jizeng, a visiting professor at Pingdingshan College, Su Zhe wrote: I bury my son with a small amount of soil, and the soil is thick and deep. Perhaps it is the thick soil and deep water of the Xiao Emei Mountain on the south foot of Song Shao County, which is admired by the scholars of the Northern Song Dynasty, and the Brothers of the Su family saw this place.
In fact, before Su Shi s burial, some people in the Su family were buried here. The Eighth Bamboo Slip of Yu Zi You Di in the Book of Su Dongpo s Anthology wrote: The funeral, my brother , please be decisive, Hachiro can be used, but I can t use it. What s more, I want to buy land, why not stay for funeral, Dont be vulgar. Su Shi said that after his death , the burial place asked Su Zhe to make a decisive choice. The first burial place where the eight women (Su Zhe s third son Su Yuan s wife) entered the burial ground can also be used as his own funeral. The land, which saved the purchase of the cemetery (one thousand yuan for one thousand yuan), can also be used for funeral expenses.
It turned out that Su Dongpo neither visited the burial site in person, nor named Xiao Emei. The so-called immediate death, bury me under the Songshan Mountain was to warn his brother not to buy another burial site, and to use his own field s instructions. The so-called Su Shi funeral burial was actually buried with four undead, and three graves appeared. At first, it appeared in the form of clan tombs.
The real cause of the funeral of Su Su: Here are the tombs of the Su clan, which were set up on their own fields by the two brothers Lu and Zhe in desperation. Su Shi s burial of Little Emei was entirely natural and coincidental .
An author once mentioned that although Su Shi and Su Zhe had returned to North China after being pardoned, they were experiencing poverty and illness due to their long-term derogation, leaving them desolate in the evening. Furthermore, the place where it resides is thousands of miles away from Meishan, the hometown of Meizhou, and the road is dangerous. Whether it is to cross the Yangtze River across the Yangtze River and the Three Gorges, or to cross the Qinling Road by land, it is not easy. Therefore, the desire to be buried in his hometown was eventually lost. In the first year of Yuan Zhishun (1330), the ceremonial text of the Ministry of Rites was used to repair Su tombs. Sun Youren put forward this in the shinto monument he wrote.
All the above statements have some truth, but as a matter of speculation, there is no direct evidence. The soil is thick and the water is deep says that the direct evidence found directly from the text left by Su Shi and Su Zhe is the most convincing.
There are two places in his life worth remembering, one is the birthplace and the other is the burial place. One is the beginning of a life journey and the end of a life trajectory. People can t choose where they are born, but they can choose where they stop. Why Su Dongpo chose Yixian as his final destination not only left this eternal mystery to future generations, but also added a kind of weight to Yixian.