Do you know how cheating in ancient Chinese exams

The ancient imperial examination is not less difficult than the present civil servant examination, and it must be a national examination. Thousands of troops and horses have tried all kinds of tricks to cross the bridge. Cheating is one of the most common tricks. Sui and Tang Dynasties is the creation and initial stage of the imperial examination, any system is in the initial stage of continuous exploration and improvement. The imperial examination system is no exception. As a result of the imperfection of the system, some examinees have made a crooked idea to find someone to take the place of them.

Because everyone’s handwriting is different, it is inevitable that some people will bribe the reviewers to recognize their handwriting in advance, so as to get high marks. Don’t think it’s hard. In the Tang Dynasty, people’s names, places of origin and other information on the test papers are all visible to the examiners. It’s not hard to know that the examiners were bribed to cheat. In the Song Dynasty, this method did not work, so a poem praised: “only there is justice in the paste name, Gu Han should ask for it.” that is to say, candidates who have nothing to do with the background should really thank the “transcribe paste name” system, just like we now want to thank the college entrance examination.

Entrainment. This is the easiest, you can operate it by yourself. To this day, it is also emerging in an endless stream. In the Ming Dynasty, invigilation was very strict. If you want to strip off your hair, you have to open it for inspection. There are also relevant regulations. For example, clothes can only be worn in single layers, but there are still jackets full of books and classics that are kept in the Palace Museum as cultural relics. Family. This is the examiner who helped cheat. After the paper is collected, transcribe the well written paper or directly open and change the paper for your own relatives.

The greatest cheating in examinations in ancient times: flying pigeons passing on books. In ancient times, the imperial examination should be conducted for several days in the examination hall, and the examinees also need to live in the examination hall for several days, during which they are not allowed to leave the examination hall. Candidates use this to feed and train pigeons at ordinary times. When they arrive at the imperial examination, their families will put pigeons into the examination hall at night. The examinee takes the test question home through pigeon, the teacher at home writes down the answer again, let pigeon take it back to the examination room. It’s so amazing that God doesn’t know ghosts!

It is said that there is also a kind of micro sculpture, which carves the answers on rice grains and brings them to the examination room. Powerful people usually buy examiners, either with money or with human feelings. As long as they can get credit, they will be able to make a great leap forward. Therefore, cheating in ancient examinations is often forbidden. Of course, the result of being arrested is also very tragic. The lightest thing is that he was expelled from the examination hall and never hired. He will be implicated within three generations. It is said that Xu Xiake in the Ming Dynasty couldn’t get credit because his grandfather cheated in the exam. What’s more serious is to fight against the board, to rush in, and those who commit crimes will even be killed.

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