The Forbidden City is 750 meters wide from east to west, 960 meters long from north to south, and covers an area of 720,000 square meters. Its area is the largest in the world. So why is it commonly known as the Forbidden City ?
140 In 1402 AD, the third-generation emperor Zhu Xi of the Ming Dynasty set up the Forbidden City in Beijing. The Forbidden City covers an area of 720,000 square meters and has a total of 786 types of buildings, including palace buildings. It is the largest building complex in the world.
The Forbidden City takes Ziweixing to live in the center of heaven and earth, which means that it is the center of the world. Purple refers to Ziweixing in Zhongtian. In ancient times, it was a symbol of heaven and earth. In addition , the imperial palace was heavily guarded, and it was also a forbidden city.
The house legend of the Forbidden City has 9,999 rooms and a half, which is less than half of the 10,000 rooms of the Emperor. According to the scientific statistics of modern ancient building experts, the Forbidden City has a total of houses such as palaces, halls, halls, buildings, and pavilions. More than 8,700 rooms.
The grass and trees of the Forbidden City have a certain symbolic meaning, which reflects the essence of ancient Chinese culture. The name Forbidden City is related to ancient Chinese philosophy and astronomy. The Chinese believe that the heaven and the human are inductive or the heaven and the human are one , so the structure of the Forbidden City is modeled after the legendary Heaven . In ancient astronomy, stars were divided into three rifts, of which Ziyuan (Polar Star) is located in the middle sky, and is the center of all stars. The purple of the Forbidden City is the purple of the center of Ziyuan, which means that the palace is also the center of the world.
The The perimeter of the palace wall of the Forbidden City is about 3000 meters, covering an area of more than 720,000 square meters and a building area of about 150,000 square meters. The plane of Miyagi is slightly rectangular, with tall gates on the east, west, south, and north, and a beautiful corner tower on each of the four corners of the palace. The wall is surrounded by a moat 52 meters wide, forming a magnificent and fortified castle …
Like the Chinese imperial palaces in the past, the master plan and architectural form of the Forbidden City completely obeyed and reflected the requirements of the ancient patriarchal ritual system, highlighting the supreme authority of the emperors.
The Taiwai, Zhonghe, Baohe three halls are the main halls of the Waiwai Dynasty, with the Taihe Gate in front, and the palaces of Wenhua and Wuying on both sides. From the perspective of the function of the building, the outer dynasty is the place where the emperor handles government affairs and holds pilgrimage meetings, naturally in the front of the Forbidden City.