The founding emperor created the monarchy system and laid the foundation for the political system of China for two thousand years. He was an outstanding reformer, and his incumbent actions and thoughts were hailed as Eternal Emperor.
Qin Shihuang was the son of King Qinzhuang Xiang, but due to his mother Zhao s wild debauchery, Qin Shihuang s father said for Lu Buwei, but history has become a thing of the past, and everything is speculative for future generations. When Qin Shihuang first became King of Qin, Lu Buwei and his mother and son were in power. In order to regain the power of the DPRK, when he was more than 20 years old, Qin Shihuang expelled the rebels, forced Lu Buwei, appointed Nenchen , and began to unify and expand his territory. Journey.
The six nations have been unified, ending the centuries-old state of separatist division, unifying the world, ending this chaotic situation, and creating the system of honor and centralization of the Emperor, abolishing the original decentralization system and absorbing The essence unifies the law, strengthens the control over the noble princes, and prevents split restoration.
After Qin Shihuang unified the world, in order to expand the territory, he led the army to conquer the north and expedite the expedition, which greatly increased the number of counties in the early Qin Dynasty and expanded the Qin Dynasty s territory.
During the reign of Emperor Qin Qin, he unified the words and controlled the ideology and culture, and carried out the burning of books and Confucianism to achieve the purpose of prohibiting private school, which seriously interfered with the development of culture and the integration of ideas. And during the reign, the Great Wall of China was built, which made the military service heavy, and many people died in it. In addition, Qin Shihuang loved pleasure and wasted too much. The five cruises made the lives of the people hard.
Emperor Qin Shihuang, a famous reformer, politician and strategist in history. He was the first person to end the divided melee situation, unify the six countries, and establish a centralized state, creating a new situation and era in the Chinese world.
People s impression of Qin Shihuang is nothing more than a tyrant. He is suspicious by nature. In order to ensure his absolute power and unity of the country, he has an authoritarian dictatorship, burned books and confucianism, and almost destroyed the Confucian culture once. And so on. However, his brutality is a manifestation of war and domination of the country. A king will never bow his head, because the crown will fall. Standing at the highest peak of power, he must be alert to everything around him, and his spirit must be highly concentrated. Historical records show that Qin Shihuang placed his eldest son in exile because he heard that the eldest son would deliberately rebel. Under the pressure of such a supreme power and spirit, he could not tolerate rumors. It s better to kill by mistake than to miss any vitality.
The distorted character and brutality of the Emperor Qin Shihuang were mainly due to the fact that he lived an inhuman life from an early age, suffered humiliation, and suffered the threat of life from time to time. Such a difficult and dangerous living environment allows him to learn to live independently, with his own interests as the priority, and does not believe that anyone has a great desire for power. In Historical Records, after the young Xu Zheng was standing in chaos, he left his mother and concubine out , and his mother s sin made him very sick. This is one of the reasons that led to the tyranny of Qin Shihuang. But he is also a bearable person, otherwise he would not dominate the world.
His personality is full of contradictions, and at the same time he builds a successful feat while doing something resentful. No one is perfect, and since ancient times life has been unable to pass. Emperor Qin Shihuang also had achievements. But his distorted and capricious personality put him on the extreme of being scolded and appreciated by the world.
Emperor Qin unified the six nations and established the Qin Dynasty as the first emperor, but he did not enjoy ease and enjoyment. Instead, he led the troops to conquer the north and south to fight for the expansion of the territory. Unfortunately, he died before he could further expand the territory of China., At the age of 49.
When Qin Shihuang was 13 years old, he inherited the throne of Qin and became the king of Qin. However, due to the rule of Lu Buwei at a young age, when Qin Shihuang turned 21, he annihilated the rebels and forced him to die . Began a ten-year unification war, at the age of thirty-nine he was called emperor to establish the Qin Dynasty.
There are different opinions about the cause of Qin Shihuang s death. One is that Qin Shihuang was sick and died, and the other is that he was killed by human beings. He is right and wrong, and it has not been confirmed yet.
Besides, Qin Shihuang was fragile from a very young age, and was self-contained. He worked hard after pro-government, and brought high-intensity to work. In addition, when he went out for the summer, hot weather could easily cause illness, which caused him to die on the way. It is said that Qin Shihuang learned that his life was shortly after he wrote a suicide note to his eldest son, Fu Su, who was ordered to bury her, but died before sending the letter .
Qin Shihuang s illness cannot be verified. Some people say that he had epilepsy, and Guo Moruo described the symptoms of Qin Shihuang s death according to history, and he was discovered by Li Si and others after he died in the car for a period of time.
About; another argument is that Zhao Gao and others jointly murdered Qin Shihuang with Hu Hai, the son of Qin Shihuang, for their own interests, in order that Zhao Gao had revenge with Meng Tian and did not want Qin Shihuang to pass the throne to Fu Su (the relationship between Fu Su and Meng Tian was OK), then murdered Qin Shihuang, and changed Hu Hai as emperor, forcing Fusu to death.
During the fifth parade, Qin Shihuang died unfortunately on the road, ending his short and great life. Qin Shihuang s tomb was large in scale and peculiar in architectural structure. With hundreds of funeral pits, it became a world wonder, only to discover After so long, it has been impossible to dig, which caused infinite reveries. One of them is whether the body of Qin Shihuang was preserved intact.
When Shi Zai Qin Shihuang died, it was a hot summer. In Sima Qian s Historical Records , it was recorded as follows: In the coffin-laden car … it will heat up, and the car will smell bad , but Naaman ordered a stone abalone from the official car. It s stinky. ”In other words, in the hot summer, Qin Shihuang s body was transported in a carriage, and the temperature inside the carriage was higher, and the body could not help emitting a rancid smell. At the time, Zhao Gao concealed the news that Qin Shihuang had died, in order to avoid leakage. The wind put a basket of abalones in the car to cover the stench of the body. After two months of transportation into the palace, the body was returned to Xianyang, and the body of Qin Shihuang was unavoidable.
There is another way to say whether Qin Shihuang s corpse is well-preserved or not, and that Qin Shihuang was keen on the technique of elixir in order to live forever, so ancient alchemists would add a large amount of mercury during alchemy. Preservative for Qin Shihuang s body.
It is said that although Qin Shihuang died in the summer, but the weather was cool, and there was a refrigerated place in the carriage where Qin Shihuang died, he placed the body in it. At that time, there was an imperial doctor Xia Wu , who followed the trip, using mercury to soak the body of Qin Shihuang in the mercury coffin to prevent corrosion. Therefore, it is thought that the body of Emperor Qin Shihuang may still be preserved in the tomb intact.
The historical records of the Emperor Qin Shihs Palace first appeared in historical records, claiming that he built a mausoleum for himself as soon as he ascended the throne, dug the Sheshan Mountain, and after annexing the world, he collected people from all over the country to come and chisel the mountain. Strange treasures spread, and artisans made a lot of bow and arrow mechanisms, and fired as soon as someone approached. There are also rivers, lakes and seas made of mercury in the underground palace, which use mechanical power to continuously flow and cycle. Astronomy and geography have everything, and there are eternal oil lamps.
This is just a description of Sima Qian, but we have not fully revealed the true face of the palace. Since ancient times, the location of the underground palace has been a mixed issue, and some have said that it is as large as a football field for coffins and burials. People once said that the underground palace was in Laoshan, and there was an underground passage between Laoshan and Qinling Tombs. Whenever it was rainy, the passage would be filled with Yin soldiers, traffic and horses, and there was a lot of noise. However, no matter how many inspections were made, the rumored underground passage was not found.
Since 1962, the archeological team has carried out a full-scale survey of the Qin Mausoleum for the first time. The archaeological team used remote sensing and geophysical surveys to find that the earth palace was sealed below the mound, 354 meters deep from the ground , and 170 meters east-west. It is 145 meters wide from north to south, the whole and the main tomb are rectangular, and the scale is very large. The burial chamber is equivalent to the size of a football field, and the whole of the palace palace is almost the size of seven or eight palaces. Make a huge sensation.
During the survey by the archeological team, they also found many strange phenomena such as plants and walls. The ground palace is not only waterproof, but also anti-corrosion and anti-theft. It contains multiple graves and difficult mysteries, plus ancient myths and legends. Make it look more mysterious and mysterious.
Terracotta Warriors and Horses of the Qin Emperor, also known as Qin Terracotta Warriors, are located in the terracotta warriors and horses pit to the east of the Qin Mausoleum in Xi an, Shaanxi. Terracotta warriors, as a type of ancient tomb sculptures, promote human funeral. The slaves are owned by the slave owners. After the death of the slave owners, they must be buried as funerals. Therefore, the terracotta warriors are also made into chariots, horses, and soldiers. Guard the mausoleum.
The Terracotta Warriors and Horses of Qin Shihuang were discovered in 1974. By 1987, the entire Qin Shihuang Mausoleum and the Terracotta Warriors and Horses Pit were included in the World Heritage, and were also reputed as the eighth wonder of the world. There were more than 200 national leaders. The visit has become a vivid heritage business card of ancient Chinese culture.
As a cruel funeral system in ancient times, the ren 殉 reached its peak in the Yin and Shang dynasties. The Zhou Dynasty learned lessons to a large extent to suppress this phenomenon, until Qin Guoshi officially abolished ren 殉 and replaced it with figurines. Terracotta Warriors and Horses of Qin Shihuang are the typical representatives of the burial of the terracotta warriors, and also reached the peak of the burial of the terracotta warriors. Regardless of scale, realism and other aspects, the Terracotta Warriors and Horses of Qin Shihuang are the quintessence of ingenuity and the first sense of imperial power in history. Terracotta Warriors and Horses of Qin Shihuang is a strict copy of real objects, vivid and realistic portraits, vivid and vivid, and also superior in size and momentum.
The burial pits of the Terracotta Warriors and Horses of the Emperor Qin Dynasty sit from west to east. Three pits show a character. The first long pit unearthed contains more than 8,000 terracotta warriors and horses, with slopes on four sides, and pits 2 and 3 on the left and right. The terracotta warrior pit is an underground buried structure, about 5 meters deep. A partition wall is built in the pit, wooden columns are arranged, and horizontal wood is added to cover the shed. Finally, a reed mat is covered with loess to form a high The top of the two-meter pit is paved with green bricks at the bottom, and pottery figurines are placed inside. After the doorways are filled, a closed underground building is formed.