In 1850, the Humble Administrator s Garden was rebuilt when it became the Royal Palace Garden of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom. By the end of the Qing Dynasty, three relatively independent gardens were formed: east, middle and west.
The East Garden of the Humble Humble Administrator s Garden is bright and cheerful, with Hiraoka distant mountains, pine forest lawns, and bamboo docks as the main attractions. The main attractions are Lanxuetang, Zuoyunfeng, Furongxie, Tianquan Pavilion, and Huxiang Museum.
Qilan Xuetang is the main hall of Dongyuan. The name of the hall is taken from Li Bai s Independence between heaven and earth. Lan Xuetang is a five-storied cottage. The two white pines in front of the church are vigorous and ancient , and the walls are trimmed with bamboo, and the lake is exquisite. The hall sits in the third room in the north. The plaque of Lanxuetang is hung high, and the long window is on the floor. There is a screen door separated from the center of the hall. The south side of the screen door is a lacquer carving Panorama of Humble Administrator s Garden ., All adopt the traditional Suzhou lacquer carving process, the characters on the skirt skirts on both sides of the screen door are engraved. The hibiscus embodies the advantages of ancient Chinese architecture. The roof is a rolling shed on the top of the mountain, with four corners flying upwards, half built on the shore, and half extended to the water. The stilt stands on the water waves, stands on the ed ge of the water, and the water is clear and beautiful. It is a good place to enjoy the summer.
The Central Park of Humble Administrator s Garden is the essence of Humble Administrator s Garden. The overall layout is centered on the pool. The pavilions are built facing the water, and some pavilions are straight out of the water. The buildings with different shapes, staggered heights, and distinct main and subordinates maintain the artistic style of the Ming Dynasty gardens, which are thick, rustic, and uncluttered. The main attractions are Yuanxiangtang, Xiangzhou, Hefeng Temple, Jianshanlou, Xiaofeihong, and Gion. Wait.
Yuanxiangtang is a main building of the Humble Administrator s Garden. It is located on the south bank of the pond. The pond faces the east and west islands. The water is clear and wide, and lotus plants are planted all over the mountains. There is a small bridge between the two mountains and valleys. There is a pavilion on the mountain island. The west is Xuexiangyunwei Pavilion and the east is Frost Pavilion. The scenery of the four seasons varies from time to time.
To the west of Xiangyuan Hall of Yiyuan, Yiyuxuan and Xiangzhou are far away from each other, and the three-sided pavilion on the north side of the lotus wind pavilion can stand on three legs, and you can enjoy the lotus as you go. To the west of Yiyuxuan, there is a Qushuiwan deep into the south, and there are three water pavilions. It is separated from the space by a small flying rainbow on the north side of the corridor, forming a quiet water yard.
The Xiyuantai Pavilion in the Humble Administrator s Garden is divided into sections, the corridors are undulating, and the reflections of the water waves are unique and beautifully decorated. The main attractions are the Liuliu Pavilion, the Reflection Studio, who sits with Xuan, and the Water Gallery.
The Liuliu Pavilion is the main building of the West Garden. It is exquisite and gorgeous. The hall is divided into two. The south is the Eighteen Datura Flower Pavilion and the north is the Liuliu Pavilion. The eighteen mandala flower hall is suitable for winter and spring residences, and the south of the hall is sunny. The wall of the courtyard is both windproof and warm, and allows the room to have a proper amount of sunlight. The North Hall (back hall) is located in Linqing Pool. In the autumn, if you push the window, you can see the lotus flower floating in the lotus pond and swimming in the water.
In short, the layout of the Humble Administrator s Garden is sparse and natural. It is dominated by water. The water surface is broad, and the scenery is plain, naive, and natural. It takes pool water as the center, and the pavilion is built around the pool. There are leaking windows and corridors connecting it. The mountains and stones, ancient woods, green bamboo and flowers in the garden form a secluded and tranquil picture, which represents the architectural style of the Ming Dynasty garden. Typical representative of Jiangnan garden.