The fifth day of the fifth month of the lunar calendar is the traditional Chinese Dragon Boat Festival and it is one of the ancient traditional festivals of the Chinese nation. Dragon Boat Festival is also called Duanwu and Duanyang. In addition, there are many other names for the Dragon Boat Festival, such as: Midday Festival, Chung Wu Festival, May Festival, Yulan Festival, Doll s Festival, Tianzhong Festival, Earth Festival, Poet Festival, Dragon Day, and so on. Although the names are different, in general, the customs of the people around the country are more common than different.
Passing the Dragon Boat Festival has been a traditional habit of the Chinese for more than 2,000 years. Due to the vast area, many ethnic groups, and many stories and legends, not only have a lot of different festival names, but also different customs in different places. Its contents mainly include: daughter returning to her mother s home, wall clock statue, welcome ghost boat, hiding in the afternoon, tidal wave leaves, hanging calamus, wormwood, swimming all diseases, wearing sachets, preparing livestock, dragon boat racing, competition, batting, Swing swing, apply realgar to children, drink realgar wine, calamus wine, eat five poison cakes, salted eggs, rice dumplings and seasonal fresh fruits, etc. In addition to the superstitious activities have gradually disappeared, the rest have spread throughout China and neighboring countries. Some activities, such as dragon boat racing, have gained new development, breaking time and geographical boundaries, and becoming international sport s events.