On the fifteenth day of the first month, the lanterns are noisy, and it is another spring festival. The Lantern Festival is a traditional Chinese festival. It began as early as 2,000 years ago in the Western Han Dynasty. The Lantern Lantern Festival began during the Ming Dynasty of the Eastern Han Dynasty. The Ming Dynasty advocated Buddhism., Ordered that night to light the Buddha in the palace and temples, so that the people of the clan were hanging lamps. In the future, this Buddhist etiquette festival gradually became a grand folk festival.
According to legend, a long time ago, there were many fierce beasts and beasts, and people and animals were harmed everywhere, and people organized to fight them. A godbird landed on the earth because he lost his way, but was accidentally shot by an unknown hunter. The emperor was very angry when he knew it, and immediately passed on his decree, ordering the heavenly soldiers to set fire to the earth on the 15th day of the first month, burning all the human and animal properties on earth.
Emperor Yuntian s daughter was kind and could not bear to see the innocent suffering of the people. She risked her life and secretly drove Xiangyun to earth to tell people the news. Everyone heard the news, as if there was a thunder blast over their heads, and they were scared to know what to do. After a long time, an old man came up with a solution. He said, In the three days of the 14th, 15th, and 16th of the first month, everyone in the family lit up their lights, lit firecrackers and set off fireworks. After that, Emperor Tian will think that people have been burned to death.
People do it like this and it really averts a disaster. From then on until the fifteenth day of the first month, every family hung lanterns and set off fireworks to commemorate this day.
Formed the custom of opening lanterns on the Lantern Festival has been formed, the fifteenth year of the dynasties has seen the 15 lanterns on the first month as a great event. During the Emperor Sui Dynasty, a grand party was held on the fifteenth of the first month of each year to entertain guests and envoys. There are colorful lights everywhere, singing and dancing music day and night. There are more than 30,000 performers, more than 18,000 performers, the stage is 8 miles long, and there are countless people who watch the lights. Very lively. In the Tang Dynasty, the Lantern Festival has developed into an unprecedented city of lights. After the middle Tang Dynasty, it has developed into a carnival for the whole people. In the prosperous era of the Tang Dynasty , the lamp market in Chang an was very large. It had 50,000 lamps and various lanterns. The emperor ordered people to make giant lamp towers, reaching 20 rooms, 150 feet high, and bright gold. Tokyo Dream Hualu records : In the festival of lights, Kaifeng Royal Street, thousands of colorful lanterns turn into a mountain of lanterns, lanterns, fireworks, golden and blue, beautiful. The Kyoto girls sang and danced, and everyone was watching. In the streets and alleys, the tea houses and restaurants are burning with candles, gongs and drums, firecrackers, and hundreds of miles of lights. After Zhu Yuanzhang ascended the throne in Nanjing in the Ming Dynasty, in order to make the city bustling and lively, he also stipulated that the eighth day of the first month of the first month, seventeen lights down, and even ten nights, every family hung five-color lights, colorful lights depicting various figures, dancing. The birds fly, the dragons fly, the lanterns and fireworks illuminate all night, drums and amusement, and noise. This is our longest festival of lights. In the Qing Dynasty, the Manchus took over the Central Plains, and the court no longer held lantern festivals, but the folk lantern festivals we re still spectacular. The date was shortened to five days and continues to this day.
Guessing Lantern Riddles is an activity added after the Lantern Festival. Lantern riddles were originally developed from riddles and originated during the Spring and Autumn Period and the Warring States Period. It is a kind of literary and artistic game full of wit, rules, witty and laughter. Because riddles can inspire wisdom and interest, they are welcomed by all walks of life in the spread process.
In the Tang and Song dynasties, various juggling skills began to appear in the market. In addition to lantern riddles and hundreds of opera songs and dances, the lantern market in the Ming and Qing dynasties also added opera performances. In addition to the city of lanterns, people also have the custom of welcoming the Zigu to worship the god of the toilet, crossing the bridge and touching the nails, and other diseases. There are games such as hitting the drums, yangko, stilts, dragon dance, lion dance, dragon dance, and rowing boats. Nowadays, the traditional festival functions carried by the traditional Lantern Festival have been dissipated by daily life, people have gradually lost their common spiritual interests, and the complicated festivals have been reduced to the eating custom of Lantern Festival .