The burning of Yuanmingyuan was a term people used to say. In fact, the real concept of burning Yuanmingyuan is not only burning the Yuanmingyuan, but also burning the three royal mountains of the west of Beijing (Wanshou Mountain, Yuquan Mountain, Xiangshan Three Mountains , Qingyi Garden, Yuanming Garden, Changchun Garden, Jingming Garden, Jingyi Garden) Park), the scope is much larger than the Yuanmingyuan. So, who burned Yuanmingyuan?
The first burning of the Yuanmingyuan was in Qingfeng ten years (1860), when the British and French forces invaded Beijing. The British and French coalitions burned and looted everywhere, savagely ransacked, burned down the world-famous Yuanmingyuan, and most of the temple buildings in the park were also destroyed. When the British and French coalitions burned the Yuanmingyuan, they intended to raz it to the ground, but because the area of the Yuanmingyuan was too large, the attractions were scattered, and the waters were vast , some remote areas and underwater attractions were spared. According to the winter survey of the 12th year of Tongzhi (1873), there are still 13 buildings in the park.
The second time the Yuanmingyuan was burned was in the 26th year of Guangxu of Qing Dynasty (1900). Allied forces of the Eight Kingdoms invaded Beijing and set fire to the Yuanmingyuan again, causing 13 remaining royal palace buildings here to be looted and looted.
The Allied Powers of the Eight Kingdoms refers to the combined forces of the British, French, German, Russian, American, Japanese, Italian, and Austrian eight nations who entered China by military action in 1900 (year of the Gengzi year), with a total number of approximately 30,000.
5On May 31, 1900, Britain, the United States, Japan, France, Russia, Italy and other countries sent more than 300 troops to Beijing for protection in the name of protecting the embassy. On June 10, more than 2,000 troops from the West Moore Army attacked Beijing and were repelled by the Boxer Regiment. On June 13th, the Boxer and the religious people clashed with each other. German Minister Clint and others killed the Boxer in Beijing. On June 16, the Boxer began to attack the church in Sishku. On June 17, the Allied Forces of the Eight Kingdoms captured the Dagukou Fortress. On June 19, Cixi decided to declare war on each country at the Imperial Conference, and declared war on the 21st. He also sent Prince Zhuang Zaixun and Co -host University Scholar Gang Yi Renhe to the commander.
八 The Allied Forces of the Eight Powers conquered Tianjin on July 14 and attacked Beijing on August 14. In the early morning of August 15, Emperor Cixi fled to the west. After the invading army entered the city, it burned Zhuang s palace and slaughtered more than 1,700 Boxer people in the palace. They looted for three days in Beijing, followed by private robbery. On August 27, the Qing court sent Yi and Li Hongzhang to seek peace from the eight countries for the Minister of Plenipotentiary. In October , Wadexi, the leader of the coalition forces, went to Beijing to set up a management Beijing committee, which occupied Beijing city by country and proposed a peace plan. On September 7, 1901, the Qing government entered into the Ugly Treaty with governments.