It is the humblest of the founding emperors of all dynasties. Before joining the Red Scarf Uprising, if someone said that Zhu Chongba (Zhu Yuanzhang) of Taiping Township would become emperor in the future, I am afraid that even Zhu Yuanzhang himself would laugh away . This native peasant boy is as low as an ordinary grass in the wilderness, making it difficult for you to distinguish him from the crowd.
However, Han Shantong and Liu Futong s earth-shaking uprising successfully pulled Zhu Yuanzhang in the corner. Zhu Yuanzhang, with a high level of talent and understanding, relied on this opportunity to fight out a dynasty with his bare hands. Perhaps because of of being a peasant and a monk beggar, Zhu Yuanzhang s way of thinking after becoming emperor was completely independent and self-contained.
During his 31 years as emperor, he established a set of subversive systems from economics, politics, military, and culture. It is not only meticulous and practical, but also a bit sly, similar to the people who rushed into the county to arrest corrupt officials. Creativity, the emperors of all ages are afraid to think. No wonder even the Shunzhi of the Qing Dynasty admired it: the wise men of all ages are like Hong Wu.
Zhu Yuanzhang s craftiness is not only reflected in the big points, but also in every detail he can think of. Today we come in and talk about a big unsolved case that he left us: appearance.
The emperors of the past dynasties will find an artist to paint a picture of themselves. This is also for the convenience of future generations to be able to admire in the temple, but the portrait of Zhu Yuanzhang is the most different in the Ming and Qing dynasties. Among the 63 Ming Emperor portraits in the Forbidden City, Zhu Yuanzhang accounted for 13 of them, but strangely, these 13 portraits were very different. Some were dignified and round-faced, kind-faced; some had long-faced puppies, ugly and insignificant.
Even if the painter in ancient times was even worse, wouldn t it be possible to paint the founding emperor into two faces? Some people speculate that Zhu Yuanzhang was originally ugly and his face was full of children. For the purpose of beautifying and observing , he intentionally asked the painter to give Draw yourself as a beautiful boy with a round face.
However, this explanation was also questioned, because when Zhu Yuanzhang first joined Guo Zixing, he married Guo Zixing s righteous daughter Ma, if Zhu Yuanzhang looked ugly at that time, how could Guo Zixing marry his righteous daughter to a poor monk who had no power, no potential, and was ugly and abnormal.?
Also, the Minister of the Hong Wu Dynasty, Zhang Han, recorded in his collection that he joined Wuying Hall, and was fortunate enough to see Long Yan: round face, short beard, and long straight nose. Some experts have verified the portraits of several emperors after Ming Chengzu, and speculated from the perspective of genetics that Zhu Yuanzhang is a round face.
If Zhu Yuanzhang was originally a kind-faced, round-faced man, why did the emperors of the Ming Dynasty collect the long-faced ugly statues in the Jing Jing Temple as well? Zhu Xi could not even know the true appearance of his father .
At the same time, he put differently-looking portraits into the temple and passed them on to future generations, which is probably also the strategy of Zhu Yuanzhang during his lifetime. It is said that under the control of Zhu Yuanzhang, in order to investigate the subordinates, he often travels in subtle clothes, in order to prevent others from discerning the real contents, and he secretly spies on the assassinations. He instructed the painter to distribute widely different portraits, and even the royal capacity given to the public minister was suspect.
After all, there is no Zhu Yuanzhang s advice. Which painter or literati dared to paint the founding emperor with a garlic nose? In the era when the lawn of the emperor s mausoleum was to be condemned, this kind of portrait was placed at home, and it was more than a killer.
But Zhu Yuanzhang s strategy not only confuses future generations, but even the experts are confused. In the later generations, when choosing Zhu Yuanzhang s portraits, they also used two kinds of portraits, namely, beauty and ugliness, as illustrations. To solve this mystery, I m afraid I have to find Zhu Yuanzhang s bones for a three-dimensional restoration.