Walking guide through Bogda

When you overcome the difficulties and dangers and place yourself at the foot of the Bogda Peak, you will be pleased to find that in the inaccessible Bogda Ice Peak Snow Ridge, people are so small, and mountains and nature are so vast. In the pure land of Bogda, there is no world s attention, no temptation of money, only you face the towering snow-capped mountains, use your heart to feel her pulse, listen to her breath …

Hiking route: Dabancheng-Three Chagoukou-Three Chadaban-Dadonggou (or Daqiang-Kenjungou) -Tianchi Scenic Area

Route Evaluation: Touching the Bogda Peak hiking adventure over the Tianshan Mountains is a classic hiking route. The hiker entered the mountain from the famous town of Dabancheng on the south slope of Tianshan Mountain, crossed the three Chadaban of Bogda, and reached the Tianchi Scenic Area on the northern slope of Tianshan Mountain. The north-south crossing allows hikers not only to appreciate the distinct geomorphic vegetation of the North-South Tianshan Mountains, but also to see the towering clouds of Bogda Snow Mountain and the beautiful alpine lake- Tianchi in the middle of the Bingfeng Snow Ridge.

The best route for Bogda crossing is from south to north, that is, from Sanchagoukou to Tianchi. The benefits are twofold. One is to avoid the 60 yuan ticket to enter Tianchi Scenic Area and the 20 yuan cable car and section fare, and the second is to return to Urumqi with very convenient transportation. Although there are dozens of herdsmen who live in the three chagoukou, there are no shuttle buses.

Mountain backpacks, sleeping bags, moisture-proof mats, hiking shoes, raincoats, gloves, sun hats, sunglasses, kettles, cutlery, small flashlights, matches or lighters, emergency food (carry-on food that can sustain a day of life, such as chocolate, fruit candy Etc.), camera (optional).

Bogda Peak is located in Fukang County, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, and is the highest peak of Bogda Mountain in the eastern part of the Tianshan Mountains. To the north of the Bogda Mountain is the Junggar Basin and to the south is the Turpan Basin. At its east and west ends, there are Qijiaojing and Dabancheng Pass, which are the channels connecting the north and south of the Tianshan Mountains. In Mongolian, Bogda means the god of heaven, a mountain full of spirituality, a symbol of Xinjiang , and the patron saint of Urumqi.

Bogda Mountain is approximately 330 kilometers long and 40 to 70 kilometers wide. From west to east, there are seven high mountains above 5000 meters, as if the Big Dipper, the highest is the Bogda Peak to the west, with an elevation of 5445 meters . This peak is formed by three peaks (5445 m, 5287 m, 5213 m) standing side by side. The Bogda peak is snow-capped all year round, known as the sea of ​​snow. This mountain is steep, the top rock of the peak is bare, and the rock wall is standing; The middle part is covered by snow and ice, and it does not change all year round. Below the peak is a glacier steep valley. The terrain is dangerous. The slope of the west and south slopes is 70-80 degrees, and only the northeast slope is slightly slower. Although this peak had been climbed by British and former Soviet mountaineering teams before 1980, it was not until 1989 that the Kyoto Mountaineering Team of Japan set the record. In 1998, eight members of the climbing team of the Urumqi Moun taineering Adventure Association set a record for the Chinese ascending to the top.

Bogda Mountain has special hydrothermal conditions. On the one hand, it is controlled by the humid airflow from the northwest, and at the same time, it is affected by the Junggar Basin and Turpan Basin. The hydrothermal conditions vary with different heights, different slope directions and sections of the mountain. On the whole, precipitation increases with altitude, and the temperature is actually the opposite. It has been observed that the annual precipitation in the foothills of the northern slope is 200 millimeters, and in the zone of two kilometers above sea level, the precipitation increases to 500 millimeters. At the peak, the annual precipitation reaches 800 millimeters. However, the area is unevenly distributed: the northern piedmont gradually decreases from west to east; the south slope is located in the leeward area and is affected by the central Turpan depression, forming a dry and dry climate. Rainfall decreased from east to west and became the driest and hottest place in Bogda Mountain. In the mountainous area of ​​Bogda Peak in summer, the average temperature during the day is about 20 ℃, and at night it is about 10 ℃.

June-October in the Bogda Peak area is the best season for trekking. The climate is suitable, and you can use general camping equipment. Should pay attention to the changes in the weather, to prevent cold. In winter, the Sancha Daban and Beipo lines have a depth of 1 meter, making it very difficult to cross.

There are usually three roads for crossing the Bogda line. One is to enter the mountain from three chagou valleys, cross the 3,659-meter chazaban, and walk 30 kilometers along Dadonggou to reach Tianchi. This route is relatively gentle and the most classic; the second is to climb over 3863 meters to Kenji Daban and walk 28 kilometers along Jiangjungou to reach Tianchi. This road is steeper, higher in altitude, and has greater physical exertion. The third is to go to Daban and walk 33 kilometers along the Sigong River to Baiyanggou in Tianchi. This route is relatively gentle, but because it does not pass through Tianchi Scenic Area Hikers rarely choose this route.

Introduction: Entering the three cha river valleys, the clear river water and the aspens cover the sky, as if entering the paradise. Climbing to Sheep No. 2 is just the beginning of your journey through Bogda.

Departed from Urumqi, traveled 100 kilometers to Daban City, rented an operating jeep in the town, drove 40 kilometers south, passed the impact fan on the south slope of Bogda Mountain, and reached the first team of Tianshan Ranch. At the end of the lane are three chassions. Mizoguchi has lived in a family for many years. The owner is Su Buhan. He is a waterman sent from Daban town. Hikers passing by Mizogu can t help but drink milk tea at his home. After entering the ditch , you can shuttle up and down in the poplar forest covering the sun on the river bed, or you can travel along the mountain on the right side. After 5 kilometers, you will reach the sheepfold 1 (Hint: There is a sheepfold near the sheepfold 1) Fu snake, you must be careful when walking in the grass), then the slope increased sharply, and began to enter the summer pasture, and then went up to 6 kilometers to reach the camping site No. 2 on the day. Here at an altitude of 2500 meters, there is a clear spring and two sim ple felt houses, where one or two Kazakh herders live. That night, you can visit the felt room, and if you have a lot of people, you can spend 200 yuan to buy a sheep and have dinner with herders in the felt room.

There are many petroglyphs left by ancient nomads on the hillsides on both sides of Sheep Ring No. 2. From time to time, you can see herds of northern goats (national protected animals) on the high mountains.

I left the sheepfold on No. 2 and started to climb a long and dry small ditch, and reached the top of the ravine more than an hour later. Standing on the top of a slope at an altitude of 3,000 meters, the snow-capped mountains of Bogda in the distance stand tall and straight, and the three chasm passes seem to be close at hand, overlooking the slopes on both sides of the three cha river valleys. Along the pastoral road, across the gentle slope of the alpine meadow, began to climb the three forks, the rock dam raised by the glacier movement, brought more difficulties to the high-altitude march, climbing the three forks, vertical height of 300 Meters, with a slope of more than 60 degrees. This climb is the most difficult to cross the route. (Hint: When climbing three forks, you must have a uniform speed to avoid physical overdrafts. Remember to march at high altitudes to drink as much water as possible and reduce blood. Viscosity to reduce the burden on the heart).

When you reach the three chasm passes, you enter three 3550 meters. The three chasses are a basin surrounded by mountains, and also a watershed of the Bogda mountain. There are many snows in the four seasons, and there are many around it. Big and small glaciers. At a distance of four kilometers from the sea, a long silver band cuts the tall and majestic Bogda Ice Peak from east to west. This is more than 5,000 meters long, more than 2,000 meters wide, and more than 100 meters thick. Giant glacier. This glacier is said to have formed hundreds of thousands of years ago. The melting water of the Bogda Peak glacier is divided into three branches here, one flowing to Dabancheng in the southern Xinjiang, one flowing into the Sigong River in Fukang County of the northern Xinjiang, one seeping into the ground and flowing out from the Dadonggou. Tianchi. Standing here and looking up, Bogda Peak is like a silver giant tower, inserted high into the blue sky; white clouds are clustering around the ice peak, sometimes like a floating ribbon, sometimes like a blooming white lotus.

Although Bogda Peak is not high, it is very difficult to climb. Many climbing routes are in ice-rock mixed zones with a slope of 60-70 degrees. The mountaineering industry divides Bofeng into master-level mountain peaks. Not only must climbers have the ability to climb. The technique of ice and rock climbing must have a good mental quality. Before 1980, the British and former Soviet mountaineering teams came to climb. Until 1981, the Kyoto mountaineering team of Japan first set the record. However, when the team s cooperating team member, Ms. Shirako Mizuko fell into more than 20 deep seams, because Bingfeng was narrow and rescuers could not enter, resulting in rescue failure. In 1997, the well-preserved Miss Baishui s body was pushed out of the ice due to glacial movement 16 years later. On August 4, 1998, Wang Tienan and Zhang Dong of the Urumqi Mountaineering and Expedition Association created a precedent for the Chinese to reach the summit of the Bofeng. On August 15, 1998, three m embers of Lin Zhiwei, Yang Zhihao and Chen Jingquan of the Yuefeng Rock Climbing Association in Hong Kong, Suddenly disappeared at the peak of the impact. China Mountaineering Association, Xinjiang Mountaineering Association, Urumqi Mountaineering Adventure Association and Hong Kong and other parties formed a joint rescue team to rescue the army. The Xinjiang Military Region also sent helicopters for search. After 17 days, due to a blizzard, the weather was abnormal and the search was fruitless. In 1999, under the attention of many media, the Yuefeng Rock Climbing Association of Hong Kong entered the Bogda Peak again to find the missing three members. A month s search only found the backpacks of the three members. Since 2000, the Urumqi Mountaineering and Expedition Association has organized three more Bogda mountaineering activities. Nine people reached the summit, but the three missing persons have never been found. This cast another mysterious veil on Bogda Peak. (Hint: Bogda Peak h as only reached more than 30 people so far. He is a very difficult mountain to climb. To climb the peak, you must have a senior mountain guide.)

The Bogda Peak Base Camp is located in this basin. The base camp is surrounded by mountains and rivers. The most visible signs are the tombstone of Miss Baishui and the three memorial poles of the missing Hong Kong climbers. The camp has a lot of artificially leveled ground, and it is suitable to camp here (Hint: At night, the Bogda Peak Base Camp has low air pressure. For hikers who rise rapidly from low altitude to 3550 meters, there will be high mountains in varying degrees. Response, when you first arrive at the base camp, do not exercise violently. Once the signs of alveolar pulmonary edema are found, the only way is to withdraw overnight and lower the height. In addition, pay attention to environmental protection, put domestic garbage into plastic bags , and go with people Downhill).

In summer, the scenery near the Bogda Mountain Base Camp is pleasant, and the white clouds, snow mountains, glaciers, ice lakes, and budding snowdrops are pleasing to the eye (hint: Tianshan snowdrops are a nationally protected plant and must not be picked at will).

Nearly Approximately 100 meters from the base camp to Bogda Peak, we set foot on the huge fan-shaped glacier on the north slope, and immediately showed a crystal white snow and ice world. I saw a hundred cold currents flying down the ice cliffs below the glacier. The ice surface river formed by the melting of snow and ice, the ice bridge that crosses the ice ditch, the wonderful ice mushroom, the ice fountain full of water, the ice well with the deep blue bottom, the water is really strange, as if walking away Into the world of myth.

On the hard ice surface, there are countless glacial rubies frozen. The large ones are like houses, weighing about two to three hundred tons, and the small ones can be picked up with two fingers. These stones were pushed down from the mountain during glacial movement. Below the Bogda Ice Peak, there are many ice lakes of different sizes. These lakes are like sapphires inlaid around Bogda s waist. (Hint: you can go to the glacier only under the guidance of the guide. There are glaciers and cracks on the glacier. Once you slide down, it is fatal. At that time, the Japanese mountaineer Miss Baishui was an example.)

There are two routes from Base Camp to Tianchi. It is relatively easy to cross the three Dabangou along Dadonggou to Tianchi, and the physical exertion is not too much. (Hint: Dadonggou downhill is all on the mountainside, below It is a river valley of nearly 100 meters, marching on rainy days, and the roads are muddy, so you must be careful), and the high mountains of Kenba Dabanpo are a test for the physical strength of hikers.

Special climatic conditions have produced a special natural landscape in Bogda Mountain. We will find that there is a big difference between the natural landscape on the south and north slopes. From the north to the bottom, the foothill desert steppe belt is below 1,200 meters above sea ​​level; at 1,700 to 2,800 meters above sea level, there are dense forests, then plateau meadows and high mountains Desert zone. Because the south slope is under the influence of arid climate, there is no forest zone in the middle. Dadonggou and Jiangjungou are both north of the Tianshan Mountains. The landform and vegetation are endowed with this typical feature (Hint: In these two valleys, there is a precious butterfly species-Apollo butterfly, which is a rare species protected by the state, Don t make random arrests). If you walk along the Dadonggou, you can visit the Jeken felt house. His felt house is the last felt house in Dadonggou, and it is also the nearest felt house to the mountaineering base camp (two hours from the base camp to the felt house). Danger can also ask Jeken for help. Jeken is very simple and kind. He is a good friend of the Urumqi Mountaineering Association.

I ended the trek to the south bank of Tianchi. If you still have time and physical strength, but dont want to take a boat, you can hike to the west of the road along the left bank of Tianchi. This distance is to go up and down the mountain, and it takes two hours to reach it.

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