A generation over 700 years ago, Genghis Khan gave up. Because of the closed burial, where is Genghis Khan s tomb hidden? Leave a long-standing mystery for future generations. People have searched for hundreds of years but found nothing.
A recent explosive news appeared in the domestic media: the joint archaeological team of Japan and Mongolia announced the discovery of Genghis Khan s cemetery near Ulaanbaatar, the capital of Mongolia. It is said that, if true, it is believed to be an archaeological discovery that has caused a sensation in the world.
Our reporter interviewed two scholars who have studied Mongolian history, especially Genghis Khan for a long time, one is Pan Zhaodong, a researcher at the Inner Mongolia Academy of Social Sciences, and the other is a TV drama Genghis Khan that recently hit the CCTV Screenwriter Zhu Yaoting. Without exception, both scholars expressed cautious doubts about the reliability of the news.
According to reports, members of the Japanese expedition found a relic found in the Afrag area 250 kilometers east of Ulaanbaatar, the Mongolian capital, and it is believed that it may have been used by Genghis Khan after his death. There are ritual rituals, and there are also some pits with horse bones.
It may be that Genghis Khan s graveyard was discovered? This lacks an inevitable connection. Pan Zhaodong, a researcher at the Inner Mongolia Academy of Social Sciences, expressed a clear question. He believes that according to historical records, Genghis Khan died in the summer of 1227 when he came to Liupan Mountain to escape summer heat. Liupan Mountain is located in Qingshui County, Gansu, China today. The Japanese and Mongolian archeological teams discovered the cemetery north of Mongolia this time, and the two were far away . Pan Zhaodong said that according to the Mongolian past customs, people should be disposed of within three days of death, because they are afraid of the decay of the corpses, and the soul cannot go to heaven. For a great man like Genghis Khan, according to traditional customs, these factors should be taken into account. However, the distance from Liupan Mountain to the site where the cemetery was allegedly found is quite long, and it was difficult to reach i t within three days according to the traffic conditions at the time. In the summer season, thousands of miles away, it is necessary to ensure that the remains do not rot, and at the same time cross the mountains and wading, and also cross the desert, these problems are difficult to solve within three days.
Zhu Yaoting, screenwriter of the TV series Genghis Khan, has studied Mongolian history for more than 20 years. He also believes that there is still no credibility from the content of the news alone. According to historical records, there are still many Mongolian rulers and senior generals buried in the current Ulaanba. Near Tuo, these people s graveyards have horses and other things that are buried normally. They cannot be regarded as Genghis Khan s graveyards. It cannot be said that the graveyards were found when horse bones were found. The cemetery of Genghis Khan and others was buried deep. Influenced by the Central Plains culture after the Qing Dynasty, some also had mausoleums. In the past, they were not closed. There should be no big stones for sacrifice on the ground. Now that there are such conspicuous signs, It cannot be called a burial. The previous two years, the American archeological team claimed that the Genghis Khan tombstone was discovered, and it was later proved t o be a Huns tombstone.
There are many sayings about where He buried Genghis Khan. Archaeologists from various countries agreed on the four locations regarding the exact location of Genghis Khan s cemetery. The first is located in the Kent Mountains in the territory of Mongolia, north of the Krolun River ; the second is in the Hangzhou Aishan Mountains of Mongolia; the third is the Liupan Mountains in Gansu, China; the fourth is the Qianli Mountains in the Ordos Otok Banner in Inner Mongolia. Pan Zhaodong tends to believe that Genghis Khan s cemetery is located in Ordos, near the grotto found on the Ortok Banner on the Ordos Plateau, which may be Genghis Khan s true cemetery. The remains are less than 200 kilometers away from the Genghis Khan Mausoleum in Ordos. The features of landforms and place names are in great agreement with the descriptions of Genghis Khan s burial site in historical materials such as Mongol Secret History , Historical Works , and History of Mengwuer . The grotto was once home to Gen ghis Khan s injuries.
There is a mural in the No. 28 grotto in Alzhai Mountains, which is closely related to the burial of Genghis Khan. Pan Zhaodong believes that this mural should be Genghis Khan s Burial Map .
Pan Pandong believes that Genghis Khan s graveyard may be nearby. This was the rear of Genghis Khan, where heavy soldiers were stationed, and the distance from Liupan Mountain was completely reachable within three days.
Zhu Yaoting tends to think that Genghis Khan was buried in Sari River near Ulaanbaatar. This is Genghis Khan s hometown, where Genghis Khan was born. He also agreed that Yi Guanzuka is located near Ordos, the famous 800 room in Ordos. That is, the body is in one place, and the used items are dedicated to posterity in another place.
I have a Genghis Khan Mausoleum in Mongolia. However, Inner Mongolia s Chengling is a cloth crown , similar to Aobao (the place where Mongolians worship their ancestors). It is not a burial place, but only the coat of arms. There is no bone in the tomb.
In 1227, Genghis Khan died in the army during the Western Expedition. Yuanshi records, Taizu encircled Xixia in 22 years, evacuated from the summer in Liupan Mountain on May 25, and fell in Xixia in June. It collapsed in Halitu Palace in Sarichuan in August and was buried in Qilu Valley.
Pan Zhaodong believes that the discovery of Genghis Khan s tomb must meet several conditions, all of which are indispensable. First of all, there must be coffins, and secondly, physical evidence, like things that Genghis Khan used before his lifetime, and secondly , exact textual records, such as records of stone inscriptions and steles. Otherwise, it is impossible to prove that the tomb of Genghis Khan is now found.
Zhu Yaoting said that based on the current situation, it is not enough to explain that it is the tomb of Genghis Khan. To find the cemetery, there should also be coffins. According to historical records, the oak was cut open at the time, and then in order to prevent the wood from decaying and disintegrating, it was hooped with 3 to 4 gold hoops. A wooden grassland nomadic culture exhibition in northern China exhibited a single wooden coffin, which was the first time that Chinese archeological circles revealed the secret of the coffins of the Mongolians in the Yuan Dynasty. If Genghis Khan cemetery is found, these three golden hoops must be found. Because gold never rots. There should also be a large number of funeral items. According to records, in addition to weapons and bows, Genghis Khan also had war horses and maids. As for gold and silver treasures, many people have different views, but at least there should be funeral items.
8 On August 25, 1227, after the death of Genghis Khan, a majestic tomb, the mausoleum was buried deep and the ground was flat. No trace was left on the ground, and all the diggers were executed. Many explorers believe that the numerous treasures buried in Genghis Khan s mausoleum that have not yet been discovered are certainly untouched.
The so-called burial, according to Ye Ziqi s Grass and Wood at the end of the Yuan, records that after the burial of Genghis Khan, for the sake of confidentiality, in addition to the horses stepping on the cemetery, in order to facilitate the later finding of the cemetery, a camel was killed on Genghis Khan s grave. Spread lamb s blood on it, and send cavalry to guard the tomb. After the grass grew in the next spring, the tomb soldiers were withdrawn when the cemetery could not be distinguished from other places. If the children miss Genghis Khan, let the female camel killed as a guide at that time. If the female camel wanders in a place for a long time and mourns, then this place is the site of the mausoleum.
Zhu Yaoting introduced that according to the Mongolian tradition, Genghis Khan is a buried burial, and he does not want to be discovered by future generations. For future generations, ancestors should be respected, and Mongolian descendants do not want Genghis Khan s tomb to be excavated. Traditionally, the Mongolians believed that digging the land would bring bad luck, and touching the ancestor s grave would destroy his soul.
Pan Zhaodong is even more shocking. We may not find a burial place in the future, maybe Genghis Khan has left nothing. Our thinking has always been wrong.
He introduced that at that time, the Mongolians did not have the tradition of physical worship, and believed that the human physical body came from nature, and they should return to nature when they died. An early burial will bring the soul to heaven. Therefore , in the silver coffin Lingshu dedicated to Genghis Khan s Mausoleum, the soul adsorbent of Genghis Khan s death, the top mane of the white male camel, was not preserved. He introduced that according to records, when Genghis Khan died, he took the top bristles of a white male camel and placed it on Genghis Khan s mouth and nose. If he didn t pant, it means that the soul was attached to this white camel hair, and the body could be Dispose of it, and keep this gang of camel s hair in the coat of arms. According to Pan Zhaodong, when Chengling was completed in the 1950s, he had opened it and found this mass of camel hair. Unfortunately, the saddles and bows and arrows in the coat of arms were all destroyed and discarded. Now, none o f the personal belongings that truly belong to Genghis Khan are left.
Maybe our latecomers have been having problems thinking, always hoping to dig out something, but in fact there is no such thing at all. He does not agree with the large-scale excavation of Chengling. According to the Mongolian tradition, disturbing the soul of the dead is disrespectful to the dead. Without preservation value, the key is immortality. Large-scale archeology has violated the grassland sacrifice culture and has been opposed. In fact, it has been proven that nothing has been done.
Pan Zhaodong believes that there is a background to the current Japanese hype. It will be 800 years since Genghis Khan was created in another year. Mongolia is preparing to commemorate the event. However, it is generally recognized in the world that Genghis Khan was born in Mongolia. Almost all other cultural relics and relics are located in China. It is relatively empty, the matter of hype, in fact, it is necessary to borrow the subject to play.
Zhu Yaoting said that during the visit of Mongolian President to China, Shui Junyi of CCTV had asked similar questions. The Mongolian President said that I should follow Genghis Khan s will so that his tomb will never be known to the world. What is Genghis Khan s Tomb? It s not important where the place is. Let people who are willing to guess the riddle continue to guess the riddle.