Bitter gourd, also known as cold gourd, is a plant of the Cucurbitaceae family that is an annual climbing herb. The stems, branches, petioles and pedicels are pilose, with axillary tendrils. The leaves are 3 to 12 cm in diameter, with 5 to 7 palm-shaped deep fissures, the lobes are oval, and the outer edges are serrated. Flowering at the turn of spring and summer, androgynous, yellow. The fruit is oblong-shaped, with most irregular knoblike protrusions on the surface. The seeds are hidden in succulent fruits and are wrapped in red sacs when mature. Bitter gourd is a kind of vegetable that people like, and its origin is unclear, but it is generally thought to be native to tropical regions. It is widely cultivated in South Asia, Southeast Asia, China, and the Caribbean Islands.
The bitter melon has bitter cold taste, enters the heart, lungs, and stomach, and has functions such as clearing summer heat and quenching thirst, lowering blood pressure, blood lipids, beauty and beauty, and promoting metabolism. Bitter gourd is rich in vitamin B1. Vitamin C and minerals, long-term consumption, can maintain energy and have great benefits for the treatment of acne.
Bitter melon has the effects of clearing away heat and nourishing heat, nourishing blood and nourishing qi, nourishing the kidney and spleen, nourishing the liver, and has certain effects on the treatment of dysentery, sore, fever, heat stroke, excessive rash, and conjunctivitis.
It has medicinal and health-care functions such as lowering blood sugar, lowering blood lipids, anti-tumor, preventing osteoporosis, regulating endocrine, anti-oxidation, antibacterial, and improving human immunity.
Bitter Gourd can moisturize fair skin, but also calm and moisturize the skin, especially in summers that are prone to dryness, applying iced bitter gourd flakes can immediately relieve skin irritation.
Bitter melon is rich in vitamin C, and every 100 grams of bitter melon contains 56 mg of vitamin C. It has the functions of preventing scurvy, protecting cell membranes, preventing atherosclerosis, improving the body s stress capacity, and protecting the heart.
Bitter melon also contains a protein-lipid substance, which has the ability to stimulate and enhance the immune cells in animals to swallow cancer cells. It can play an anti-cancer role in the body together with quinine in alkaloids.
Bitter melon contains bitter melon saponin (also known as saponin), which has medicinal and health functions such as lowering blood sugar, lowering blood lipids, anti-tumor, preventing osteoporosis, regulating endocrine, antioxidant, antibacterial, and improving human immunity.
First of all, you must pick dense lines. Such bitter gourd has a bitter taste, and the more bitter melon is; the wider the bitter taste is. Secondly, the small bite of bitter gourd is also a characteristic of judging the quality of the melon. Generally speaking, the larger and fuller the grains, the thicker the flesh, and the thinner the flesh. The bitter gourd is preferably emerald green. If it starts to yellow, it means it is overripe and the flesh is not crispy.
Wrap and store in paper or cling film. In addition to reducing the water loss on the surface of the fruit, it can also protect the tender fruit, avoiding scratches and damaging the quality of the fruit.