China is a multi-ethnic country with Chinese civilization as the source, Chinese culture as the basis and Han as the main ethnic group. Chinese and Chinese characters are commonly used. Han and ethnic minorities are collectively referred to as “the Chinese nation”, and they also call themselves the descendants of the Chinese people and the descendants of the Dragon.
China is one of the four ancient civilizations in the world, with a long history. About 5000 years ago, settlement organizations began to appear in the Central Plains as the center, and then formed a country. After many times of ethnic integration and dynasty changes, the unified situation of a multi-ethnic country was formed. After the revolution of 1911 in the early 20th century, the monarchy withdrew from the historical stage and the Republican government was established. After the founding of the people’s Republic of China in 1949, the people’s Congress system was established in mainland China.
China has a vast territory and a large number of nationalities. In the pre-Qin period, the Huaxia nationality thrived in the Central Plains. In the Han Dynasty, the Han nationality was formally shaped through cultural integration, which laid the foundation of the main ethnic group in China. After that, through the integration with the surrounding ethnic groups, the situation of a unified multi-ethnic country was gradually formed, and the population continued to rise. The population of China in Song Dynasty exceeded 100 million, that in Qing Dynasty exceeded 400 million, and that in 2005 exceeded 1.3 billion.
Chinese culture has a long history, extensive and profound, splendid and colorful history. It is the cultural suzerain of East Asian cultural circle, and plays an important role in the world cultural system. Due to the differences in geographical location and natural conditions, Chinese culture has its own characteristics in terms of culture and economy. Traditional culture and art forms include poetry, opera, calligraphy, traditional Chinese painting, etc., while Spring Festival, Lantern Festival, Qingming Festival, Dragon Boat Festival, Mid Autumn Festival and Chongyang Festival are important traditional festivals in China.