Chinese traditional Spring Festival customs

new Year foods

China s annual custom culture has a long history, and a variety of Chinese New Year customs have been derived from different parts of the country. Although the customs vary from place to place, preparing new year s goods and giving gifts are almost new year s must-have throughout the country. Buying New Year s products, including eating, wearing, wearing, using, affixed (year red), gifts (new year s), etc., are collectively called new year s goods, and the process of purchasing new year s goods is called new Year foods. Holding New Year s products is an important activity of Chinese New Year.

Sacrifice

The stove is held on the 23rd / 24th day of the lunar calendar. The folk sacrifice stove originated from the custom of worshiping fire in ancient times. Description: The stove. Create also, create food. The role of the stove god is to control the stove fire, manage the diet, and later expanded to investigate the good and evil in the world to reduce good fortune. The sacrifice stove has been in Chinese folk for thousands of years. The stove-god belief is a reflection of the Chinese people s pursuit of more than enough clothes .

clean

In the folk, New Year s Eve has the custom of Twenty-fourth lunar month, sweeping dust (also known as house sweeping). The folks call it twenty-four, sweeping the house. The folk call it dust sweeping day. Dust sweeping is the year-end cleaning. We must clean the environment, wash all kinds of appliances, remove and wash futon curtains, sweep the six-yard courtyard, dust the cobwebs, and dredge the open channel ditch. Everywhere is filled with the joyous atmosphere of hygienic, clean and welcoming the New Year. According to folk sayings: Due to the homophony of Dust and Chen, sweeping dust the year before has the meaning of removing Chen Buxin. The sweeping dust is intended to sweep all the poor and obscure spirits out of the house in order to pray for the Qing Dynasty.

Post Year Red (Waving Spring)

Every year on the 28th, 29th, or 30th of the year, every family posts the red year (the red year is the red festive elements posted during the New Year, such as the Spring Festival couplet, the door god, the horizontal batch, the new year painting, and the fu). It is a traditional Chinese New Year custom to add New Year s Red (Wave Spring), which adds a festive atmosphere, and puts people s good expectations for the New Year and new life.

Spring Festival couplet: According to the Jade Candle Collection and Yanjing Sui Shi Ji and other works, the original form of the Spring Festival couplet is what people call peach talisman. Another source of Spring Festival couplets is spring stickers. The ancients posted the word Yichun on the first day of spring, and gradually developed into spring couplets. Post spring couplets are also called post door couplets, spring post couplets, couplets, couplets, peaches, etc. It depicts the background of the times with neat, dual, concise, and exquisite text, and expresses beautiful wishes. It is a unique literary form in China. Every Spring Festival, no matter in the city or in the countryside, every family must select a big red spring couplet and paste it on the door to add a festive atmosphere to the festival. [40] [55-56]

New Year pictures: The Spring Festival hanging new year pictures are also very common in urban and rural areas. The dark and colorful new year pictures add a lot of prosperity and joy to the festive atmosphere. New Year s painting is an ancient folk art in China, reflecting the people s simple customs and beliefs, and pinning their hopes for the future. With the rise of woodblock printing, the content of New Year s paintings has not only been limited to monotonous themes such as door gods, but has become colorful.

Window flowers and the word blessing: In folks, people also like to paste various paper-cuts on windows—window flowers. The window flower not only sets off the festive atmosphere, but also combines decoration, appreciation and practicality. At the same time, some people have to paste large and small blessings on the door, wall, and lintel of the house. There are also folks who have detailedly described the word fu into various patterns, such as Shouxing, Shoutao, Carp Jumping Dragon Gate, Wufeng Fengdeng, and Dragon and Phoenix.

New year dinner

Lunar New Year s Eve, also known as Lunar New Year s Eve, Lunar New Year s Eve, Reunion Dinner, etc., especially refers to the family dinner at the end of the New Year s Eve. New Year s Eve dinner originated from ancient year-end rituals, worshipping gods and ancestors for a reunion dinner. New Year s Eve dinner is the highlight of the year before, not only colorful, but also very particular about intentions. Worship the ancestors before eating the new year s dinner. There are usually chickens on the table (meanings have meaning), fish (meaning all year round), oysters (meaning good market), hair dishes (meaning wealth), yuba (meaning wealth), lotus root (meaning wisdom), lettuce (meaning wealth), Raw garlic (meaning allegorical calculations), sausage (meaning long-term meaning), etc. Chinese New Year s Eve is a family reunion dinner. This is the most hearty and important dinner at the end of the year.

Mori

New Year s Eve Shou Shou is one of the custom of the year, and the custom of Shou Shou has a long history. The folk custom of Shou Sui mainly manifests in the fact that all the houses light the Shui Su, the family gathers together, and keeps the Sui Su not to go out, waiting for the moment of resignation to welcome the new year. On the New Year s Eve, the lights stay on all night, saying burning the lantern to light the age or lighting the fire . All the houses are lit with candles, and the lights are lit exclusively at the bottom of the bed. It is said that after this is done, it will enrich the wealth of the family in the coming year . In ancient times, the customs of the north and the south were different. In ancient times, the custom of observing the New Year in some places in the north was mainly to celebrate the New Year. When you are young and happy, you may complete the song, and call it years of age; On New Year s Eve, the family reunited, had New Year s Eve dinner, lit candles or oil lamps, and chatted around the stove, vigil all night, symbolizing that all the epidemic diseases were driven away, looking forward to the good luck of the new year.

New year money

New Year s money is one of the traditions. After dinner, the elders will distribute the new money to the younger. It is said that the new year s money can suppress the evil spirits, and the younger people can spend a year in peace. Chinese New Year money implied evil spirits and exorcisms in folk culture and blessed peace. The original purpose of the new year money was to suppress evil and exorcise evil. Because people think that children are vulnerable to ghosts, they use evil money to drive evil.

Historically, New Year s money has been divided into many types. Generally, it is distributed to elders by the elders when the New Year counts down. It expresses their oppression and contains the elders concern and true blessings for the elders. The year refers to the age, which is intended to look forward to the longevity of the elderly. The earliest traceable New Year s money written in the Han Dynasty is also called overwhelming money. It does not circulate on the market, but it is cast into the form of coins, which has the function of avoiding evil.

Youshen

Youshen is one of the traditional Chinese New Year customs. Youyou, also known as holy driving parade, Youyou Master, Yingye Master, You Bodhisattva, You You Tournament, Nianren, Yingshen, Yingnian, Youchun, Xingxiang, Bodhisattva Hometown, carrying idols, idols traveling, etc It means that during the New Year or other festive festivals, or on the Christmas day of the gods, they will go to the temple to invite the walking gods into the shrine, then carry them out of the temple, accept the worship of the people s incense, and imply that the gods are landing. Folks, visit the township and bless the peace of the unity. The main purpose is to reward God, eliminate disasters, pray for blessings, and so on. Along the way , Youshen is accompanied by colorful art performances such as gongs and drums, suonas, god figures, lion dances, dragon dances, floating colors, flags, swim lights, eight sounds, acrobatics and band performances. It is a traditional folk activity that gathers worship , prayer, celebration, and feasting.

Youshen in Chaoshan area is also known as Youshen Tournament and Master Camp. It is a traditional folk folk activity in Chaoshan area. During the Spring Festival each year, villages and towns take turns to hold folk goddess activities in turn, and the scene is lively. In western Guangdong, it is also known as you master, you bodhisattva, or year example; the so-called year example means tracing the ancient example to the present and every year. It is also called annual case in the area of ​​Beiliu. In the Pearl River Delta area, also known as Bodhisattva township, everyone carried idols around and walked around the village for prayers. In Fuzhou, it is also called greeting the gods. From the third to the fifteenth day of the first lunar month of the lunar calendar, it is the time to visit the gods and become one of the important activities of doing the year in the countryside; In the sound of gongs and drums and firecrackers, the team toured the village, and the people watched and greeted them in a warm way.

Worship

Happy New Year, one of the custom activities. In the morning at the beginning of the year, we welcome the new year and worship the year-old god. Sui is also known as Shuti and Tai Sui , the stars of the ancient era. Tai Sui is also the god of folk belief. The age of sixty is the operating cycle of the sixty-year-old branch of the dynasty. There are a total of sixty people. One year-old god is on duty every year. Good luck and bad luck. As stated in the Three Life Meetings: A man who is too old is the one-year-old master and the leader of the gods. Chinese New Year is the oldest Chinese New Year tradition. This custom is still popular in Guangdong, especially in Wuchuan. At the beginning of the new year, the traditional custom of welcoming the new year, worshipping the god of the year, and receiving blessings has been passed down from generation to generation.

temple fair

Temple fairs are one of the folk activities during the Spring Festival. The Guangfu Temple Fair and Beijing Ditan Temple Fair are also known as the two major temple fairs in China. It covers themed activities such as the gathering of puppets, Chinese unique living, martial arts conference, Lantern Festival, etc., including rich contents such as praying culture, folk culture, food culture, business and leisure culture.

New year

Visiting the New Year during the Spring Festival is one of the traditional customs of the New Year, and it is a way for people to leave the old and welcome the new, and express their best wishes to each other. On the second and third day of the third year, I began to visit relatives to see friends, and to pay homage to each other, and congratulate each other, and say something to congratulate Xinxi, Gongxi Fa Cai, congratulations, and Happy New Year. The significance of the New Year is visiting friends and relatives, celebrating the New Year, expressing feelings for relatives and friends, and a beautiful blessing for the new year.

With the development of the times, the custom of worshiping the New Year has continuously added new content and forms. The New Year s card, which is commonly used in modern society, has been implemented in ancient China. As early as the Song Dynasty , the New Year s cards dedicated to the New Year have been used between the families of royal and noble scholars and doctors, and they are called name thorns or name stickers .

Firecracker

Chinese folks have said opening fire. That is, when the new year comes, the first thing every family opens is to burn the firecrackers, and to welcome the new ones with the sound of beeping. Firecrackers are special products in China, also known as explosive battles, firecrackers, firecrackers, firecrackers. Its origins are very early. Regarding the evolution of firecrackers, Popular Arrangement records: In ancient times, firecrackers were all popular with real bamboos, so Tang poetry is also known as a firecracker. Later generations of paper are called it. Firecrackers . [36]

The original purpose of the firecracker was to welcome the gods and expel the ghosts. Later, with its strong festive color development, it was a symbol of resigning from the old to the new. Burning firecrackers can create a festive and lively atmosphere. It is a kind of entertainment in the festival and can bring joy and auspiciousness to people.

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