The long primitive society was the budding period of dance. It formed with the emergence of primitive beliefs, and gradually divided into several categories such as totem dance, witchcraft dance, and sacrificial dance. By the end of primitive society, dance was already a mature art form. This is manifested in various art forms, and some of the earlier are the decorative patterns of painted pottery.
In a Majiayao-style tomb excavated in Shangjiazhai, Datong County, Qinghai Province in 1973, a dance-patterned pottery pot was unearthed, which shows us the visual image of dance art about 5000 years ago.
The upper pottery pottery of Sunjiazhai in Shangshang is the earliest dance music relic found at present. The dance pattern on the pots is located on the upper part of the inner wall of the pots. A total of 15 dancers are depicted, divided into 3 groups , and the groups are separated by an arc pattern. Each group of dancers danced hand in hand, with uniform costumes and the same movements. The headgear (or braid) was oriented in the same direction, and the tailgear (spikes with raised hips) all faced in one direction. This shows the dancer s movement and rhythm The rhythm is very uniform. The headdress is a small tail dragged after the braid, which is a decoration that acts as a bird and beast. The arc is seen as a Ripple of water. This seems to tell people that dance has a certain relationship with the water waves, that is, the Yellow River. It may be that the primitive residents living in the upper reaches of the Yellow River are holding primitive religious ceremonies to sacrifice the Yellow River, or after they have harvested a good harvest, they are reporting to the Yellow River.
Although there are no musicians on the screen and no music can be heard, in the collective dance, the change of movements, the change of formation and status, the strength of the rhythm, and the speed of the speed are all inseparable from the prompt of music. In connection with the corresponding dance scenes, the unified movements, neat formations, and the same costumes indicate that this is likely to be a traditional music and dance for a specific purpose and occasion. In order to preserve and inherit this dance, the clan must have masters, rehearsers and organizers of music and dance. The witch in primitive society shouldered this responsibility. This is a crucial step in the development of primitive dance.
The dance pattern painted pottery basin is a neat and unified group dance image that dances hand in hand, vividly reproduces the joyful and enthusiastic dance scenes described in the literature, hitting stone and stone, dancing with beasts, in order to explore the music of the primitive period of China Culture provides very rare physical information.
Since then, China has unearthed several pieces of colored pottery decorated with dance patterns. In 1995, a dance pattern pottery pot was unearthed in another tomb in Qinghai. The shape composition is similar to that of Datong pottery pottery, but the dance team has more people and the scene is more spectacular. In 1991, a neolithic tomb in Wuwei, Gansu was also found in a colored stone pottery basin. Two groups of dance teams were drawn on the upper wall of the basin. Each group of 9 danced together, and three thin lines were drawn on the lower limbs. Seems like a tail ornament, but may also be intended to show foot movement.
These prove that the ancestors who lived in this area really loved art at the time, not only were they able to sing and dance, but also had quite advanced music and dance cultural activities. This form of hand-in-hand dance may be the origin of the song-and-dance form song song that prevailed in later generations and has been passed down to this day.