There is a famous saying in ancient times, called Under the heavens, the land of King Mo Fei; the shore of the earth, King of Mo Fei. That is to say, no matter the land under the world, or the people living in this land, it is all due Emperor owned. However, the emperor who still owns the world still pays wages, and still pays monthly. In other words, the emperor also had a private small vault.
The royal finances are separate from the national finances. The treasury s money is under the control of the Ministry of Households. Does the emperor say that it is not? The emperor must use the money in the treasury and must first discuss with the ministers . If the ministers object, the Ministry of Housing will not give it, and the emperor will do nothing.
Take the Northern Song Dynasty as an example. Since Emperor Taizong of the Song Dynasty Zhao Guangyi, almost every emperor has 1200 consistent useful, this useable is the salary of the Northern Song Emperor, and if it is every month, it is equivalent to the monthly salary. The reason why every emperor has it is because there was a Song Renzong in the middle, and according to regulations, Renzong also had a monthly salary of 1,200, but he carried forward his style and gave up on his own initiative. As a result, Ren Zong s ren heard the world and has always won the reputation of the most benevolent emperor in Chinese history. It seems that the ancient emperor still needed to receive wages. So, who should pay the emperor s salary?
According to historical records, the place where the emperors of the Song Dynasty received their salaries was called Zuo Zangku, but because the emperors were embarrassed in the harem of the former dynasty, it was not convenient to fill in the payrolls themselves, so their monthly salary was 1,200. It is usually sent by the Zuo Zangku to the person designated by the emperor for management. Zuo Zangku was established in the Sui and Tang Dynasties, and was a subordinate institution of Taifu Temple at that time. Taifu Temple is in charge of the world s wealth, and Zuo Zangku stores the world s wealth, but Zuo Zangku obeys the management of Taifu Temple.
In the early years of the Northern Song Dynasty, there was no Taifu Temple, but Zuozangku was still set up. This is because the Northern Song Dynasty followed the five generations of establishment, with three departments: salt iron, degree branch, and household department to manage the state finance. The Zuo Zangkuo is under the management of the Three Divisions, and together with the right Zangkuo and the inner Zangkuo, the monopoly on salt and iron, the surplus of expenditures, the tax of the Ministry of Households, the taxation of Huangzhuang, the tribute of local governors, the tribute of each affiliated country, and each The monopoly revenue and expenditure brought about by the monopoly are managed in a centralized manner. Among them, Huangzhuang rent tax, local tribute, tributary tribute and monopoly proceeds hosted by the court are managed by Zuo Zangkuang. These properties are concentrated in Zuo Zangkuang, used to subsidize Beijing officials, and to send imperial guards. The p rinces, princesses, and concubines pay living expenses and pay the emperor.
Among the income sources of the Zuo Zangkuang, Huangzhuang rental tax and various tributes are insignificant, and the large income is still derived from the monopoly of the court. Most of the monopoly products in the court were special products such as salt, iron, tea , and alcohol. However, these belong to government finances, not palace finances. No matter how much monopoly revenue is, they cannot be placed in the left bank, which can be used by the left bank. The monopoly is only land.
After the Song Dynasty, the Yuan, Ming, and Qing dynasties all had departments such as house shop affairs, which were actually specialized agencies for land monopoly. Authorized by the imperial court, this institution leases or leases state-owned land in urban areas of the country, especially Kyoto, after development. It collects a large amount of rent each year. Except for the local share, most of it goes to Zuo Zangku.
During the Taizong period of the Emperor Song Dynasty, the housekeeping business “used the money collected for the purpose of banning Zhize, and it was worth hundreds of thousands.” In this way, the country s land resources were used to make a lot of money, and it was undoubtedly more than enough to pay the emperor. In the Qing Dynasty, the emperor also received wages, but not called easy to use, but called his own silver, and the Zuo Zangku, who paid, also became the House of Government. Each year, the Ministry of Households allocates monthly to the House of Government for management of the emperor s daily use, or as a reward, etc. At that time, not only was the emperor taking wages as usual , but the queens, concubines, concubines, nobles, promised, and often in the harem all had their own salaries paid by the House of Government every month. As for other expenses in the palace, they are also written to the Ministry of Households for verification. At that time, it was the Accoun ting Department of the Home Office that managed the salaries of the Emperor s Harem.
The royal finances are separate from the national finances. The treasury s money is under the control of the Ministry of Households. Does the emperor say that it is not? The emperor must use the money in the treasury and must first discuss with the ministers . If the ministers object, the Ministry of Housing will not give it, and the emperor will do nothing. However, the world is a royal world, so it is inevitable that the emperor will reach into the treasury and turn the treasury s money into a royal private property.