Tea and its medicinal value have been discovered as far back as the Shennong period. For example, Shennong s Compendium of Materia Medica records: Shennong tasted Baicao, and when it came to seventy-two poisons, it was solved by tea . At that time, people directly chewed tea leaves from the tea leaves. With the evolution of human life, the habit of chewing raw tea leaves has changed to decoction. That is, after fresh leaves are washed, they are placed in a clay pot, cooked with water, and taken with leaves. The fried tea is rich in flavor, and its flavor and function are better than chewing. People develop the habit of cooking fried drinks. This is the beginning of using tea as a beverage.
In addition, people cook the tea and mix it with the food. At this time, the purpose of using tea is to increase nutrition and to detoxify the food. Tong Jun Lu and other ancient books, there are records of tea and cinnamon and some spices cooked together.
During the Qin and Han dynasties, simple processing of tea has begun to appear. Fresh tea tree leaves are mashed into cake-shaped tea balls with wooden sticks, and then dried or dried for storage. When drinking, first mash the tea balls into a pot, add boiling water and season with ginger or orange. At this time, tea is not only a detoxification drug for daily life, but also a food for hospitality.
During the Western Han Dynasty, tea was an elegant pastime of the court and the government officials. Wang Xi s Children s Covenant already recorded Wuyang buying tea. During the Three Kingdoms period, the style of tea worship was further developed, and people began to pay attention to the method of cooking tea. At this time, the custom of tea as wine appeared. During the Jin Dynasty and the Northern and Southern Dynasties, tea gradually changed from the original precious luxury goods to ordinary drinks. After the Northern and Southern Dynasties, with the rise of the literati tea drinking custom, poetry and poetry about tea came out day by day, so a tea drinking culture was formed in the cultural circle.
Especially in the Jin Dynasty, extravagant indulgence made the world popular. In order to correct the bad ethos in society, some people of insight use tea to promote honesty and fight against luxury. Emperor Wu of the Southern Qi Dynasty used tea to show simple examples , among which the most famous is the story of Lu Na s hospitality with tea.
Lu Dongjin Lu Na is known for his frugality. When he served as Wu Xing s obedience, the reputable general Xie An visited him once. For this distinguished guest, Lu Na did nothing extravagant, just a bowl of tea, supplemented by fresh fruit . His nephew was very incomprehensible, thinking that his uncle was stingy and shameless, and hosted a large table of dishes without authorization. After the guests left, Lu Na made his nephew 40 sticks and said, You can t add a little light to your uncle, but you must also tarnish my frugal family style. The etiquette can also show their integrity.
In the Tang Dynasty, tea drinking became common practice, so tea houses, tea banquets, tea parties also appeared, and tea was also processed into cake tea. When drinking, add condiments to cook soup.
The way of drinking tea in the Tang Dynasty has made great progress compared with the previous dynasty. In order to improve the bitter taste of tea, people began to add mint, salt and red dates to flavor it. In addition, tea utensils were produced at that time, and monographs on tea have also appeared. Lu Yu s three chapters of Tea Classics, have a detailed discussion on the brewing of tea. People are more and more particular about the choice of tea and water, the way they cook it, the environment for drinking tea and the quality of tea, and a tea ceremony has gradually formed. The Chinese tea ceremony formed in the Tang Dynasty was divided into court tea ceremony, temple tea ceremony and literati tea ceremony.
The formation of the tea ceremony in the Tang Dynasty was also related to the rise of Buddhist Zen. Because tea has the functions of refreshing and invigorating the thirst, thirst quenches thirst. When monks are sitting in meditation, drinking tea can calm the spirit, and drinking tea at night can drive away sleep, so the temple advocates drinking tea. The monks often plant tea trees around the temples, and formulate tea ceremony, set up tea houses, choose tea heads, and present tea activities exclusively.
In the Song Dynasty, changes in the method of making tea had a profound impact on the way of drinking tea. In the early Song Dynasty, tea was mostly made into group teas and cake teas, which were crushed when drinking and cooked with condiments. With the increasing variety of tea and the more sophisticated tea tasting, people gradually pay attention to the original color and aroma of tea, and gradually reduce the seasoning. At the same time, loose tea made by the steaming method appeared in the Song Dynasty. The tea production also shifted from dough cake to loose tea, and the way of cooking and drinking gradually changed.
The tea industry in the Song Dynasty promoted the development of tea culture. At that time, professional tea tasting societies appeared among literati, as well as soup society composed of officials, and thousand people society composed of Buddhists. Song Taizu Zhao Kuangyin is a tea-loving person. He set up a tea agency in the court to classify the court s tea, and pays attention to the selection of tea, water extraction, equipment, condiments, tea making, tea serving, and tasting methods . Thus gradually formed a variety of tea drinking and tea tasting skills. The tea drinking culture of the common people is even more lively. For example, some people migrate to the neighborhood to provide tea, some people come to pay respect to yuanbao tea , etc., and the folks also have a tea fighting style.
After the Ming Dynasty, due to the innovation of tea-making technology, group tea and cake tea have been changed to loose tea. The method of cooking tea has gradually developed from the original decoction to brewing. Tea leaves are boiled, then finely simmered . The pure and striking tea fragrance, the sweet tea flavor of savory and mellow tea, and the clear tea soup, can also show the natural color and flavor of tea.
After the Ming and Qing dynasties, with the continuous increase of tea varieties, two major characteristics of tea drinking methods appeared: on the one hand, the method of tea tasting is becoming more sophisticated and sophisticated, and the utensils are also based on purple sand ; on the other hand, six major teas have appeared. Drinking methods also vary greatly with tea. At the same time, different regions have begun to choose different tea products due to different customs. For example, Guangdong and Guangxi prefer black tea, Fujian drinks more oolong, Jiangsu and Zhejiang are better green tea, northerners like flower tea or green tea, and border ethnic minorities mostly use black tea and tea bricks.
In short, for thousands of years, the Chinese nation has not only accumulated a large amount of material culture about tea planting and production, but also formed a broad and profound tea drinking culture. During the formation and development of tea culture,
The ideas of Xun, Taoism, and Buddhism gradually evolved into the etiquette and customs of various nationalities, and became part of outstanding traditional culture and unique cultural models.