The mystery of Chongzhen Emperor’s suicide

Before the Cultural Revolution, there was an ancient locust tree on the east slope in Jingshan Park, Beijing. According to legend, it was the place where Chongzhen Emperor Zhu Youjian checked himself in the Ming Dynasty. This tree failed to escape doom during the catastrophe and was cut down. Now the general saying is:

At noon on March 19, 1644, after Li Zicheng led the peasant army into Chengtianmen and occupied the palace, the first thing to do was to find Chongzhen. After the peasant army was not allowed in the building palace, he offered a reward and Shen Yanzheng: Those who worshiped the first emperor (Chongzhen) Wan Jin and Earl Feng. Those who hide, and other ethnic groups. Until the 22nd, Chongzhen remains. Jingshan was originally one of the imperial courts. If Chongzhen died in an obvious place like the hillside of Jingshan, it would not be discovered after three days of searching with great fanfare! Some people have pointed out that it is not accurate to say that Chongzhen died on the coal locust tree. According to the Biography of Li Zicheng and Biography of Wang Chengen in the History of the Ming Dynasty , Emperor Chongzhen was not strangled on the locust tree, but in Shouhuang Pavilion . Seventeen years of Records of the Ming and the Records of Chongzhen : Heavenly and Dawn, still returning to the Nangong, dispersing internal staff, and bringing Wang Chengen into the inner courtyard, ascending the longevity pavilion of Longevity Hill. The eunuch Wang Chengen also died from death History of Ming Dynasty , volume 399 Biography of the Rogue cloud; On the 19th day Ding Wei, Tian Weiming, the imperial city does not keep, the bell set a hundred officials, there is no one. It is Fudan Coal Mountain, the book jacket is The widow sacrifice himself to the mountain pavilion, and the emperor collapsed. The History of Ming Dynasty Chronicles volume seventy-nine also said: Then still return to the Nangong, ascending the longevity pavilion of Longevity Mountain. Volume ninety of Jian, volume one hundred of Tan Qiao s National Questions, volume four of Xu Yan s Xiaoxian Chronicles Supplementary Examination included Chongzhen s death in Shouhuang Pavilion.

But there are also people who disagree about this. Mingjingshan is not known as the Shouhuang Pavilion. Only the Shouhuang Hall is behind the mountain (now the Youth Palace). Above the Jingshan Mountains, there were no buildings in the Ming Dynasty. The five pavilions that were kept today were built during the Qianlong period of the Qing Dynasty. It can be seen that this record is not accurate.

The Record of Jiashen Biography has such records. (Chongzheng) Yi Paolu and (eunuch king) Cheng En walked the Long Live Mountain to the hat and hate bureau said this record is in line with Chongzhen s psychological change process in the wave of peasant uprising.

When the capital city was ready to break, he tried to escape from Chongwenmen, Zhengyangmen, Chaoyangmen, Andingmen, etc. after taking the eunuch s clothing on March 18, all blocked because the gatekeepers did not know he was the emperor. Escaping, Chongzheng Fang, accompanied by the eunuch, ran to the towel and hat bureau. The towel and hat bureau is one of the twenty-four gates of the Ming eunuchs. It specializes in the production of boots and hats in the palace. It is located in the northeast corner of the imperial city and is a relatively remote place in the royal city. end). After Li Zicheng occupied the imperial palace, Chongzhen saw that the situation had gone, and then he died on his own. At the time of his death, he faced with hair, white robes, blue robes and white trousers, one foot was full, and the other was stockings.

In the imperial city at that time, Begonia was the most prosperous with Huilongguan near the towel and hat bureau. According to the Manuscript of Jingshifang Lane quoted in the Apocalypse of the Heavenly Qi Palace, Huilongguanduo Begonias, a hexagonal pavilion next to it, every time the flowers are sent out, they are lucky. At this point it is more credible; the first volume of Huang Yunmei s History of the Ming Dynasty contains: The Emperor collapsed on Long Live the Mountain . Banzai Mountain, the golden name of Qionghua Island, was built in the fourth year of Yuan Dynasty, and the mountain was in the forbidden area, so it was given this name.

Obviously, this is because Chongzhen believes that it is from Baita Mountain in the North Sea today; the red scholar Yu Pingbo wrote in Where is Chongzhen Hanging? Chongzheng said, Chongzhen went north to the palace and climbed to the coal mountain , and then looked at foreign artillery there. He wrote a blood book for Li Zicheng, asking him not to oppress the people, not to use those unfaithful bureaucrats, and then He was hanged from his mule in the hut where the governors lived. A Brief Account of the Ming Death reads: Ding Wei, the inner city fell, and the emperor collapsed in Xishan.

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