The Spring Festival is the first day of the first month of the lunar calendar, also called the lunar calendar, commonly known as New Year. However, in the folk tradition, the Spring Festival in the traditional sense refers to the beginning of the eighth lunar month or the twenty-three or twenty-fourth year of the first lunar month, until the fifteenth day of the first month, of which the climax of New Year s Eve and the first day of the first month. The Spring Festival is the most solemn and lively traditional festival in China.
The concept of the Chinese New Year and the year originally came from agriculture. In ancient times, the growth period of the valley was called year, and Suowen \\ u0026 middot; He Bu said year, Gushu also. In the Xia and Shang dynasties, a summer calendar was generated. The cycle of the moon s absence was the month, and the year was divided into 12 months. The month was the day when the moon was not seen. The first hour of the new moon is called the head of the year, which is the beginning of the year., Also called year.
The name of the leap year began in the Zhou Dynasty and was officially fixed until the Western Han Dynasty, which continues to this day. However, the first day of the first month of the ancient days was called New Year s Day . After the victory of the modern Chinese Revolution of 1911, the Nanjing Interim Government, in order to adapt to agricultural time and facilitate statistics, stipulated the use of summer calendars in the private sector, and implemented the Gregorian calendar in government offices, factories, mines , schools and groups. On the first day of the first month of the lunar calendar, the first day of the lunar calendar is called the Spring Festival.
On September 27, 1949, the People s Republic of China was established. At the first plenary session of the Chinese People s Political Consultative Conference, the use of the common Gregorian era in the world was adopted, and the first month of the Gregorian calendar was designated as the New Year s Day. The first day of the first lunar month is usually around the beginning of the spring, so the beginning of the first lunar month must be the Spring Festival , commonly known as the lunar year.
There are many sayings about the origin of the Spring Festival. Among them, the widely accepted statement is that the Spring Festival originated from Yu Shun. On the day of more than 2000 BC, Shun was the emperor and led his men to worship the heaven and earth. Since then, people regard this day as the head of the year. It is said that this is the origin of the Lunar New Year, which was later called the Spring Festival.
During the traditional festival of the Spring Festival, the Han people and most ethnic minorities in China have to hold various celebrations. Most of these activities focus on sacrifices, worship of ancestors, removal of old cloth, celebration of jubilee, and praying for good years . The activities are colorful and have strong national characteristics.
These customs of Hunchun Spring Festival originated from wax festivals in primitive society in China. The wax festival was originally a year-end sacrifice for giving sacrifices to the gods and ghosts and gathering all things to enjoy in the Shennong clan (one said Yi Yi clan). Due to the conservative nature of religion and customs and the ruling classes of various dynasties, the traditional etiquette and traditions, which originated from the primitive era of low productivity, have been retained in the historical periods of relatively low productivity. Customs for the Spring Festival.
民 But folklore is different: year was originally a monster in the ancient times. Whenever the winter is about to start, the new year is coming, and they go out to eat. To defend it, the ancients gathered together, lit a bonfire, and poured bamboo, causing it to burst into a loud noise, scaring the year away and ensuring that all night was safe. The next morning, they congratulated each other and celebrated a happy life together. Year after year, a happy festival is formed, called New Year.
古 From the ancient La Festival and New Year to the current Spring Festival, many customs have been formed and passed down from time to time. The Spring Festival is not only the main traditional festival of the Han people, but also a festival celebrated by all ethnic minorities in China. Although its sacrifice rituals and psychological states are the same, its festival customs and habits are different due to ethnic and regional differences.
There are two types of New Year s money, one is made of colored string threaded into a dragon shape and placed on the foot of the bed. Money. New Year s money can be rewarded in public after the junior s New Year s Eve or when the child falls asleep on New Year s Eve, the parents secretly put it under the child s pillow.
There is also a widely circulated story about New Year s money. In ancient times, there was a little demon called 祟 , who came out at night to touch the head of a sleeping child with his hands. The child often cried in fright, then got a headache and became a fool. Therefore, every family sits and sleeps with the lights on this day.
I have a husband and wife who are very old and regarded as sweethearts. On the night of the thirtieth year, they were afraid that 祟 would harm the children, so they took out eight copper coins to play with the children. When the child was tired of playing and fell asleep, they wrapped eight copper coins in red paper under the child s pillow, and the couple did not dare to close their eyes. In the middle of the night a gust of wind blew through the door and blew out the lights. As soon as Yu reached out and touched the child s head, a flash of light flashed from the pillow, scaring Yu to escape. The next day, the couple told everyone to scare away the sad with eight copper coins wrapped in red paper. After everyone learned to do it, the child would be fine. It turned out that the eight copper coins were changed by the Eight Immortals to protect the children secretly. Because 祟 and year-old are homophonic, then gradually evolved into new year money.