History of ancient Chinese shipbuilding _ transportation of ancient people

Shipbuilding is a matter of historical significance. Ancient Chinese shipbuilding began in the Neolithic Age in the distant primitive society. It can be said to have a long history and a long history.

During the Spring and Autumn Period and the Warring States Period of the Warring States Period, the larger vassal states, especially the Chu, Wu, and Yue kingdoms located in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River, and Qi State, which was the strongest on the Shandong Peninsula, had their own shipbuilding industry, and they were quite developed. Shipbuilding bases in both Wu and Vietnam have considerable shipbuilding capabilities.

For example, the shipbuilding workshop specially built by Wu State-owned Shipbuilding Palace. Ships are frequently used between vassal states, and warships have emerged. During the Qin and Han Dynasties, the development of China s shipbuilding industry made rapid progress. According to ancient books, Qin Shihuang once sent a general to lead a fleet of building ships to attack Chu. After reunifying China, he made several large-scale cruises, cruising in rivers or sailing at sea. The development of the Qin and Han shipbuilding industry has laid a solid foundation for the advancement of shipbuilding technology in the future.

During the Tang and Song dynasties, the ancient Chinese shipbuilding industry entered its youth. The Tang and Song people made full use of the shipbuilding technologies that appeared in the Qin and Han Dynasties, such as stern rudders, high-efficiency propulsion tools, and sails , thereby creating many more advanced shipbuilding technologies.

Among the river boats of the Tang Dynasty, some were about 66 meters long, carrying as many as six or seven hundred people. Some boats can actually open gardens for planting flowers and vegetables. There are hundreds of sailors alone, and the size of boats can be imagined. The Song Dynasty also built a Shenzhou for envoys in Korea, with a payload of more than 1,500 tons. Some sea boats carry tens of thousands of stones, and the rudder is three to five feet long.

The boats and ships built during the Tang and Song dynasties have many types and large volumes, but also have many advantages such as advanced technology, sturdy structure, large capacity, fast speed, safety and reliability. At that time, foreign businessmen traveled between Southeast Asia and the Indian Ocean, and were happy to take Chinese seaboats. They also gave the title of the world s most advanced shipbuilder to Chinese shipbuilders.

China during the period ranked first in the world in terms of nautical ships. Almost all of China s four-masted ocean-going ships sailed in the South and Indian Oceans. In the Ming Dynasty, the extensive distribution, large scale, and complete facilities of shipbuilding workshops were unprecedented in history and reached the highest level in the history of ancient Chinese shipbuilding. All in all, after the two development peaks of the Qin and Han dynasties and the Tang and Song dynasties, the shipbuilding technology and craftsmanship of the Ming Dynasty has made great progress, reaching the pinnacle of ancient Chinese shipbuilding history, and being praised by countries around the world. But after the rise of European capitalism and the emergence of modern motor ships, China s advantages in the shipbuilding industry gradually lost .

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