In ancient China, the hierarchical system was severe. Under the influence of the ritual in this hierarchical system, the ancient clothing culture as an externalization of social material and ideological culture is an important content of the ritual. As a tool for classifying high and low grades, it is an image endorsement tool for class society.
Since the emergence of human clothing civilization and the emergence of clothing from its only practical purpose, its functions have become rich and diverse. In the production and life of ancient society, clothing was an external sign of status and a symbol of status.
In ancient China, the hierarchical system was severe. Due to the influence of ritual in this hierarchical system, the ancient clothing culture as an externalization of social material and ideological culture was an important content of ritual. As a tool for classifying high and low grades, it is an image endorsement tool for class society.
In the Book of Rites, there is a clear rule for the clothing level: Tianzi Dragonfly, the princes such as the prince, the doctor s prince, the Shixuan clothes, the crown of the prince, Zhu Luzao, ten in ten, the nine in the prince, the seventh in the doctor Five doctors and three scholars are responsible for this person. It is also recorded in Zhou Li : Xianxian King is crowned, indicating that the ceremony, during the ceremony, the emperor and the 100 officials all wore dresses.
Jia Yi mentioned in the New Book · Doubt that there is nobility and nobleness, there is no need to wait … the world knows nobleness and nobleness. What he said is that the clothing system is an important system and means of government administration, and clothing is the grade. Best sign.
According to Chinese Costumes of the Past Dynasties, the color of the Qin and Han dynasties is the people are black, the coachmen are red, the mourning clothes are white, the bearers are yellow, the cooks are green, the official slaves and farmers are green. Official quality. The thorns of the hemp are called tribute.
For example, in the Qing Dynasty, there was a ban on the use of yellow. For example, the crown prince used apricot yellow, the prince used golden yellow, and the official positions of the subordinate kings and other officials could not be served yellow .
The ancient white clothes and black clothes also have their own points. In ancient times, white clothes were worn by low-ranking people, such as servants and people. Therefore, in ancient times, it was often used to refer to people, and they were also widely referred to as non-official officials. The wife of Xianguo in The West Chamber said: The third generation does not recruit sons-in-law in white clothes because Zhang Sheng did not want to marry his daughter. Wuyi is a black dress worn by lower officials. During the Three Kingdoms, the Eastern Wu Army was stationed near the Wende Bridge in Confucius Temple in Nanjing, and officers and men were wearing black clothes. Therefore, the army was called Wuyi Battalion.
In The Song of Good Man in Dream of Red Mansions, he said, The yoke was carried because of the small hat. The pity was broken yesterday, but the purple python is now long. Through the change of clothing in the hierarchical society, we seem to be able to see The sorrows and ups and downs of ancient Chinese class life, ups and downs …