In ancient history, no matter whether it is a common people or a noble official, almost all agree with the principle that the book has its own face as a jade, and the book has its own golden house. Officials, Guangzong Yaozu. Among them, taking the number one in the exam as the biggest life goal of most people.
According to textual research, from the beginning of Tang Gaozu Wude s five years (622), Sun Fujia, the first scholar of the Imperial Examination, to the last champion Liu Chunlin, thirty years of Guangxu of the Qing Dynasty (1904). The 592 champions (504 said), plus other short-term regimes and the first-ranked martial arts champions, the total number of civil and military champions that can be tested in Chinese history is 777.
So, in ancient times, how many exams did a champion have to pass?
The imperial examination system was founded in the first year of the great cause of the Sui Dynasty (605 years). After the demise of the Sui Dynasty, the Tang Dynasty further perfected the imperial examination system. Examinations were divided into regular subjects and system subjects . Regular subjects are held every year, and the weighing system is temporarily held by the emperor.
There are two sources of candidates for Changke, one is the apprentice and the other is the village tribute. Born in Beijing and the prefecture and county school, the subjects sent to Shangshu province are called apprentices; those who pass the state and county exams first , and then sent to Shangshu province candidates later are called Xiangong. Candidates who entered Beijing from the township tributary are generally referred to as people. The state and county exams are called solution exams, and the exams in Shangshu province are commonly referred to as provincial exams or Ministry of Rites exams.
There are more than 50 types of examination subjects in Xiu Changke, including talents, Mingjing, Jinshi, Junshi, Mingfa, Mingzi, Mingshu, etc. Among them, Mingfa, Mingzhu, Mingzi and other subjects are not taken seriously. Jun Shi and other subjects were not often held, and the talented one was very demanding in the early Tang Dynasty, but gradually faded away. Therefore, Ming Jing and Jin Shi became the main subjects of the regular subjects in the Tang Dynasty.
In February of the first year of the first year of Empress Wu Zetianzai, Her Majesty had a sudden imagination and personally inquired Gongren Yuluocheng Hall. This was the beginning of the imperial examination in China s imperial examination system, but it did not form a system in the Tang Dynasty, so it can only be considered half Exams. In other words, in the Tang Dynasty, one champion was enough to pass four and a half exams.
The Imperial Examination in the early Song Dynasty also implemented a two-level examination system. The first level is a test of exemption held by each state, and the first level is a provincial test held by the Ministry of Rites. Six years after Kaibao, Song Taizu began to implement the hall test, and institutionalized and normalized the hall test. Since then, the imperial examination has become the highest level of the imperial examination system, and the state, provincial and imperial examination systems have been established. One champion must go through five exams.
The imperial examination system of the Yuan Dynasty basically followed the Song Dynasty, and was divided into local township examinations and conference and hall examinations conducted by Beijing teachers. The Imperial Examination in the Yuan Dynasty only tested one subject, but divided into left and right lists . The list on the right is for Mongolians to take the exam; there are only two exams in the township test, and the requirements are relatively simple. The left list is for Han and Nan people to take the test, and there are three tests in the township test, and the requirements are relatively strict.
The Yuan Dynasty Conference was held in three trials, one on three days. The three-site test items are four-book essays, five-character and eight-character poems, five scripture verses, and questioning. After the trial, it is the hall test. Therefore, the champion of the Yuan Dynasty was no more than taking seven exams.
During the Ming and Qing dynasties, the imperial examinations were divided into four levels. The lowest level was called the college examination, which was supervised by the governors of the prefectures, states, and counties. It is a provincial-level examination, and the examination becomes a lift. The next higher level is the exam, which is hosted by the Ministry of Rites. The test is called a tribute. If you can pass this level, you will be eligible to take the highest level of exam, which is the hall test. The palace test is also called the court test, which is chaired by the emperor himself. Among them, the township test and the conference test are three tests.
So, in the Ming and Qing Dynasties, a champion won approximately nine exams.
After reading the examinations in ancient China, I have to sigh about our current examination system. A student must take at least three exams at the beginning of the school and nine exams at the middle school exam. Even after the reform of the college entrance examination , at least four exams must be taken, which adds up to not less than sixteen exams.